Author Archives: Michael Barbour

About Michael Barbour

Michael K. Barbour is Associate Professor of Instructional Design for the College of Education and Health Sciences at Touro University California. He has been involved with K-12 online learning in a variety of countries for well over a decade as a researcher, teacher, course designer and administrator. Michael's research focuses on the effective design, delivery and support of K-12 online learning, particularly for students located in rural jurisdictions.

C100 community receives 25% off The Logic, Canada’s Best Tech Journalism

From one of our fellow Canadian organizations in the Bay Area.  Note the poppies in some of the pictures below, as we were proud to have C100 as a partner in this year’s Poppy Campaign.

Do you meet the following four criteria or know someone who does? (1) Canadian (2) An Intern (3) Currently in the Bay Area (4) in Tech? If you do, don’t miss out on C100’s Canadian Intern Event on December 4th! RSVP and details below!
C100 Toronto Event
The C100 is hosting a 48Hrs Alumni Breakfast event in Toronto on November 23rd 8:30 AM EST at Shopify. We invite 48Hrs in the Valley Alumni, Charter Members, and Corporate Partners to join our complimentary event. Register here.
48 Hours in the Valley Nominations Open!
In May 2019, C100 will bring 30 early stage companies to the SF Bay Areafor our signature event 48Hrs in the Valley. This one-of-a-kind program includes mentorship, thought partnership, and venture guidance from experts and peers. C100 has hosted over 250 companies at 48Hrs since the program’s inception in 2010.
48Hrs applications are by nomination. You may be nominated by a C100 Partner,Charter Member, or 48Hrs Alum in your network. Apply by December 7th to be considered in our first selection round! 

The Logic, Canada’s best source for in-depth reporting on the innovation economy, is coming to San Francisco as part of The Information Accelerator program. To celebrate, The Logic is offering C100 community members a special 25% discount on annual subscriptions. Just press the button below and enter the following promo code at checkout: [removed in this reposting just in case].

Get my 25% discount now!
You can also sign up here for the free Daily Briefing newsletter to keep up with the most important innovation news.
C100 Sponsor Announcement: Silicon Valley Bank
For the first time ever, Silicon Valley Bank is including Canada in its annual Startup Outlook Survey. Originally launched a decade ago as part of its mission to champion innovation, the Survey generates anonymized findings to highlight opportunities and challenges for companies and to help policymakers understand the role innovative companies have in driving local and global economies. See last year’s report here.

SVB is a great partner to C100. Executives at Canadian tech and healthcare companies are invited to represent the vibrant Canadian tech industry by taking 10 minutes to answer the survey. Survey closes on November 30th.

Take the Startup Outlook Survey
ICYMI: C100 Hosted an Angel Investing Panel on Tuesday!
Our office was packed on Tuesday night with an amazing group of C100 community members including 3 special guest panelists Alex Norman (AngelList Canada), Sophie Forest (Brightspark Ventures), and C100 Charter Member, Andre Charoo (Hired & Maple Ventures). This content-driven event brought the community together to learn about their unique paths to angel investing and how to get started!
Thank you to our partners
With special thanks to:
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Copyright © 2018 C100 Association, All rights reserved.

Inside Afghanistan: Politics, war and buzkashi

From the Legion Magazine.

Best-Selling 5-Volume Set
Front lines
Inside Afghanistan: Politics, war and buzkashi

Inside Afghanistan:
Politics, war and buzkashi

Story and photography by Stephen J. Thorne

Few can claim a national game as violent or influential as Afghanistan has in buzkashi.

The country in which Canadian soldiers fought for 13 years is home to a deceptively complex society. And buzkashi (pronounced ‘BOO-skeh-shee’), which dates to the times of Genghis Khan, is a deceptively complex game that over the centuries has become woven into the fabric of Afghanistan’s warrior culture, its politics and power.


2019 Wall Calendars
Military Milestones
The sinking of U-211

The sinking of U-211

The crew of German submarine U-211 was very lucky under the captainship of Korvettenkapitän Karl Hause, who took command after it had been commissioned in March 1942. It would eventually be a member of eight different wolf packs wreaking havoc in the North Atlantic.

On its first patrol in August 1942, U-211 torpedoed and damaged three ships, and on its second, as part of wolf pack Raufbold, was credited with sinking the British destroyer HMS Firedrake, which was escorting a convoy in the mid-Atlantic.

The luck carried on even on the third and fourth patrols in 1943, when it was attacked, first by an American B-24 Liberator, which dropped six depth charges, and three months later by a Royal Air Force Armstrong Whitworth Whitley, which dropped three depth charges. Both times the U-boat was repaired and shortly returned to service.

But its luck ran out on the fifth patrol west of Portugal.

Canadian Flying Officer Donald F. McRae of 179 Squadron, flying a Vickers Wellington, was escorting a convoy east of the Azores when radar picked up the U-boat. The aircraft had been fitted with 120-million candlepower Leigh Lights. After flying close to the target, and at a altitude of only 100 feet, the lights were turned on, allowing dead accuracy for the depth charges.

U-211 sank. All 54 aboard, including Hause, 27, died.

U-boats suffered the highest casualty rate of all German forces during the Second World War. Of nearly 1,200 submarines produced by Germany, nearly 800 were lost, along with 28,000 submariners, while 5,000 were taken prisoner—a casualty rate of more than 75 per cent. Half were taken out by Allied aircraft.

More than 36,000 Allied sailors, soldiers and aircrew, along with 36,000 merchant sailors, lost their lives in the war. Canadian losses were about 2,000 members of the Royal Canadian Navy, 1,600 merchant seamen and more than 700 aircrew.

This Week in History
This week in History

November 14, 1981

Canadarm, the Canadian-made robotic arm, performs flawlessly in testing on Space Shuttle Columbia.


Medipac Travel Insurance

USNSCC Arkansas Division – Wreaths Across America Fundraiser

From our U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps (USNSCC) Arkansas Division.

Hello Everyone,
I can’t believe how fast this year has flown, as the holidays are already here again. As many of you know, one of our annual fundraisers is Wreaths Across America.
Wreaths Across America is a great way to Honor and Remember our fellow Veterans by laying remembrance wreaths on their graves.
Each wreath is $15.  Arkansas Division gets $5 per wreath that we sale with our Group ID code.
So please help us to decorate San Francisco National Cemetery with as many wreaths as possible by spreading the word, making each wreath sold a win, win.
Group ID code: CA0142P
    Our direct link is set up with our code, but just in case it isn’t there I included it also.
Thank you so much for supporting Arkansas Division and Wreaths Across America!
IS3 Garza

Arnie, Harry and the Red Arrows ask you to support There But Not There

From  the “There But Not There” organization.

A thank you for your support
This has been a special weekend of Remembrance as the nation marked exactly 100 years since the Armistice in 1918. Your support this year, particularly over the last few weeks, has been invaluable and we wanted to say thank you.
Just because Remembrance Weekend is coming to a close, it doesn’t mean that the need for our work is closing too. In fact, veterans need support year round and we must work to fund that vital support.

We have some special supporters helping us do just that:
Arnold Schwarzenegger, Harry Kane, Michel Vorm, Moussa Dembele, Alun Wyne Jones, Michael Hooper, Blake, Bear Grylls, Ben Fogle, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Warwick Davis, Phil Campion, Lorraine Kelly, James Blunt, the Red Arrows, Levison Wood, Laura Wright and Jason Fox

Thanks to their support, if you now purchase one of our original 10″ Tommies and you can enter a draw to win:

  • A second special engraved classic Tommy
  • A personal written thank you from the individual whose draw you entered, with a photo

Please note, you will receive your classic original Tommy within 2 weeks of purchase. Winners will be notified after 3rd December and you can find out more about the promotion on our Golden Ticket page.As always, all profits raised through sales of our Tommies will contribute directly to the work carried out by our beneficiary charities.

Arnold Schwarzenegger
Tottenham Hotspurs and England Captain Harry Kane.
How did you remember this weekend?
We know that many of you had Tommies or silhouette installations at the centre of your commemorations. We would love to hear how you remembered the fallen of WWI this weekend.

Please reply to this email with your stories and pictures and we’ll send out a round up later this week.

Copyright © 2018 Remembered, All rights reserved.

Our mailing address is:
33 Ranelagh Gardens, Royal Hospital Chelsea
Royal Hospital Road, London, SW3 4SR

Inside Afghanistan: Remember the Afghan translator

From the Legion Magazine.

Best-Selling 5-Volume Set
Front lines
Inside Afghanistan: Remember the Afghan translator

Inside Afghanistan:
Remember the Afghan translator 

Story and photography by Stephen J. Thorne

The night letters started arriving at his parents’ home in Afghanistan’s Helmand province soon after Ahmad Sajad Kazimi took a job translating for Canadian and other NATO forces fighting the war on terror.

“Tell your son to quit his job and stop working for coalition forces,” one said. “Otherwise we kill your son because he is co-operating with the Infidels!”

“You AHMAD SAJAD, son of Mohammad Wali, resident of Helmand province,” began another, “we found out that you are working as a linguist with Foreigners in KANDAHAR province. We won’t hesitate in
killing your family.


2019 Wall Calendars
Leonard Cohen recites In Flanders Fields

In Flanders Fields
Written by Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae | Recited by Leonard Cohen
Presented by Legion Magazine

In this time of remembrance, we share this special tribute to Canada’s fallen soldiers. Here is the late Leonard Cohen’s stirring reading of John McCrae’s “In Flanders Fields,” accompanied by poignant imagery from the First World War.

Legion Magazine presents you the poetry of John McCrae, the voice of Leonard Cohen, and the message of remembrance in Canada.

Please share with #LestWeForget #RemembranceDay #InFlandersFields #LeonardCohen

Military Milestones
The last spike

Donald A. Smith drives the last spike to complete the Canadian Pacific Railway in Craigallachie, B.C., on Nov. 7, 1885. [LAC/ C-003693]

November 7, 1885
CPR reaches completion

The dream of an iron road running from sea to sea was realized at 9:22 a.m. on Nov. 7, 1885, when financier Donald Smith drove the final spike connecting the east and west arms of the Canadian Pacific Railway at Craigellachie, B.C., in a pass through the Rocky Mountains west of Revelstoke.

For British Columbians, it was high time, since a transcontinental railway, the inducement to become the westernmost province, was promised in 1871. When the troubled project was not complete by the original deadline of 1881, and with some B.C. politicians threatening to secede, the CPR took over the troubled project and completed it in just five years.

There were actually four last spikes. A ceremonial silver spike never made it to the ceremony, so the spike that was used was identical to the other iron spikes used in construction of the rail line. It was badly bent when pounded, and another was substituted, then taken away to deter memento collectors. The fourth, another iron spike, was left in place. The bent spike was eventually donated to the Canada Science and Technology Museum in Ottawa, and is on long-term loan to the Canadian Museum of Immigration in Halifax, displayed as a tribute to the immigrant railway workers who built the line.

The railway is part of Canada’s national identity. For decades, it was the only way for passengers to travel across the country’s vast distances. It was vital for delivering settlers and materials to build towns and supply the businesses and industry that provided jobs and helped populate the provinces.

The federal government was able to move 3,000 troops west during the Riel Rebellion in less than a month. Troops were moved east to Halifax en route to Europe during the First World War and Second World War, and west from Halifax when they returned home.

Today the CPR owns about 20,000 kilometres of track, but no longer reaches the East Coast. More than $280 billion in goods are moved by rail annually, as well as 75 million passengers, most on commuter rail lines.


Honour the 100th Anniversary of the Armistice

From Canada’s History magazine.

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Image of the Armistice 1918-2018 coin.Dearest Friends,

This November 11th marks the 100th Anniversary of the Armistice, the ceasefire that brought an end to the First World War (1914–1918). Canada will forever remember the Armistice of 1918 as the culmination of four years of exceptional valour and sacrifice that stretched from the Ypres Salient to Vimy Ridge, and from Passchendaele to Mons, where the end of the hostilities birthed the beginning of a young nation’s desire to never forget.

More than 650,000 Canadian and Newfoundland soldiers marched into the First World War and paved the way to peace. Keep the memory of their dedication and courage alive with the 2018 Armistice pure silver coin, from the Royal Canadian Mint, for $34.95 with free shipping.

The 2018 Armistice Pure Silver limited-edition coin, captured in pure silver, conveys a deep meaning for the Armistice. Its reverse design shows the image of a lone soldier, his head bowed, capturing the sense of loss, sacrifice, and exhaustion felt when combat ended; and the poppy, the most iconic symbol of remembrance.

This special issue coin is an expression of our nation’s gratitude for peace — a memento to honour the legacy of those who have served Canada and Newfoundland during the First World War, and whose contributions we collectively remember every November 11th. Hold the moment.

To purchase and discover more, visit
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Canada’s History, 
You are receiving this email as a member or friend of Canada’s History. / Vous recevez ce courriel parce que vous êtes membre ou parce que vous appartenez à la communauté d’esprit de la Société Histoire Canada.

Our mailing address is:

Canada’s History

Main Floor Bryce Hall, 515 Portage Avenue

WinnipegMB R3B 2E9


Mission Matters Special Announcement: Wreaths Across America Advances its Mission to Normandy!

From the Wreaths Across America organization.

Click to view this email online.
Wreaths Across America Advances its Mission to Normandy!

​​Today, Wreaths Across America is beyond thrilled to announce that it has been granted permission by the French authorities, on the basis of phytosanitary guarantees provided by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to place 9,387 Maine-made, balsam veterans’ wreaths on Saturday, Dec. 1, 2018, on the headstones of all U.S. service members laid to rest at Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, located in Colleville-sur-Mer, France.

The cemetery is one of 14 permanent American World War II military cemeteries on foreign soil. The government of France granted use of the land, in perpetuity. United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower and French President René Coty dedicated the cemetery on July 18, 1956.

This is the first time WAA – whose mission it to Remember the fallen, Honor those that served, and Teach the next generation the value of Freedom – has sent U.S.-made balsam wreaths to be placed on foreign soil. The December wreath-laying event is a joint collaboration between the Normandy American Cemetery and American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) and will include ceremonial wreath placements on each of the five D-Day invasion beaches, at Pointe Du Hoc, and include a Canadian Wreath presentation.

“The mission of the American Battle Monuments Commission is to honor the service, achievements and sacrifices of our U.S armed forces in two World Wars. It closely parallels the mission of the Wreaths Across America organization — to Remember, Honor and Teach,” said Scott Desjardins, Superintendent, Normandy American Cemetery. “The Normandy American Cemetery is proud and pleased to be the first ABMC cemetery to have been chosen to attempt this important endeavor. As we approach the 75th Anniversary of the D-Day landings, conducted to establish a foothold in Western Europe to free it from tyranny, the Wreaths Across America organization storms the beaches of Normandy to establish a foothold and commemorate the sacrifice made by the men and women who never returned home and are now memorialized in our sites.”

To commemorate this incredible event, WAA will be holding a contest on its Facebook page. Share with us the stories and pictures of loved ones who served in Normandy for your chance to win. On Nov. 15 at noon EST, one submission will be chosen at random and the winner will receive a trip a lifetime to Normandy to be there for the wreath laying. 
Valid passports required. Travel dates Nov. 28 – Dec. 3 for winner and one guest.
Connect With Us:
Contact Us:

Phone: 1 (877) 385 9504 

Wreaths Across America HQ, 4 Point Street, Columbia Falls, ME 04623