Monthly Archives: February 2021

30th anniversary of the end of the Gulf War

28 February 2021 marks the 30th anniversary of the end of the Gulf War. After Iraq invaded Kuwait, Canada joined a coalition of more than 35 countries to help liberate the small Gulf nation. More than 4,000 Canadians served in the Gulf War.

For more information, visit

Mission Matters Newsletter February 2021: The Perfect Time of Year To Remember, Honor, Teach

A newsletter from the Wreaths Across America organization.


Dear friend of Wreaths Across America,

As the executive director of Wreaths Across America, I am often asked what else we do besides place veterans’ wreaths during the holidays. This is a question that provides me the opportunity to share perhaps the most important part of the Wreaths Across America mission: TEACH.

I’m reminded of a quote from the Talmud, “When you teach your son, you teach your son’s son.”

Throughout the year, we encourage activities and share information and content that highlights the courage and character of our veterans, active duty military and their families. We encourage outreach that establishes a personal connection with those who have secured and guarded our freedom. To the credit of the many volunteer Location Coordinators and Sponsorship Groups, they are the ambassadors sharing these values represented in the mission statement.

In the coming weeks we will be announcing new (and renewed) partnerships that will offer more opportunity to TEACH about the men and women who served during the Vietnam War as well as programs focusing on integrity, patriotism, courage and sacrifice.

Our 2021 theme challenges us to ‘Live up to their Legacy.’ It is the daily walk of patriotism that we promote, with your help, a constant reminder of bravery and sacrifice that is their legacy. Their personal stories are the cornerstone to build a love of country and appreciation for the cost of freedom for generations to come.

Please join us as we take on the opportunity this year to remember our heroes and the responsibility to teach our sons and daughters.

With gratitude,


Karen Worcester

Remember ~ Honor ~ Teach

2021 Virtual Race Program

We’re excited to announce this year’s WAA virtual race program, which is the result of an expanded partnership with event-management and timing company CompetitorME!


The variety of options for participants provides an opportunity to build community awareness and understanding of WAA’s yearlong mission to Remember, Honor, Teach, while helping staying healthy and raising funds on the local level to support Participating Locations and Sponsorship Groups in your community!

Read More

The complete list of the race options and open registrations can be found at, and include:

  • Escort to Arlington Challenge: This 737-mile virtual course starts in Columbia Falls, Maine, where WAA is headquartered and travels down the East Coast to Arlington, Virginia, just as the annual escort to Arlington does each December.
  • Running for Wreaths (5K & 10K) Virtual Races – May and September: Participants have the flexibility to run/walk/ruck/bike on the course of their choosing while raising funds to sponsor veterans’ wreaths for Participating Locations or Sponsorship Groups they support.

Stem to Stone Remembrance Run (in-person in Maine, with virtual option): 2021 will be the 3rd year this race is hosted on the tip lands in Maine where balsam is grown and harvested each year to make the veterans’ wreaths placed on the headstones of our nation’s heroes.

$15 Million*

In 2007, Wreaths Across America expanded its annual wreath placement event to enable groups and organizations to support Arlington National Cemetery and other local, participating cemeteries across the country. The Group Sponsorship Program was established to benefit other like-minded charities, community programs, and civic groups through the sale of wreath sponsorships.


We invite your group or organization to help us remember and honor our American heroes and teach the next generation, through raising sponsorships for wreaths to place on veteran graves this December 18th, 2021. As a Wreaths Across America Group Sponsorship partner, your organization can receive $5-of-each-$15 wreath sponsorship to support your important work, while supporting our mission as well.


*The total amount of fundraising dollars Wreaths Across America has given back to other groups and nonprofits through the Group Sponsorship Program since its start.

Register Today

Tune in to Wreaths Across America Radio!

Mission Matters: Every Wednesday you can tune in to Wreaths Radio for Mission Matters, a half-hour broadcast hosted by Wreaths Across America’s Executive Director Karen Worcester. Karen talks with Gold Star families, veterans, and others impacted by the mission to remember, honor, and teach.


You can catch Mission Matters Wednesdays at 10:00 AM and again at 7:00 PM EST. You can listen online at or on a free smartphone app like TuneIn or Simple Radio.


Wreaths Radio Roundtables: Wreaths Radio is a voice for America’s veterans and those who support them. Join us Thursday evening, March 25, 2021 at 7 PM EST for the Wreaths Radio Roundtable discussion on veterans health focusing on resiliency, purpose and success.


The discussions will be introduced and wrapped up by Wreaths Radio’s Morning Show Host Michael W. Hale. The guest panelists will be interviewed by U.S. Army Capt. (ret.) Joe Reagan and Wreaths Across America’s Executive Director, Karen Worcester. Guest panelists for the March 25th broadcast include Maj. Gen. Peter Aylward with the Vietnam War Commemoration and U.S. Marine (ret.) Edward McEvoy, the National Outreach Program Specialist for the VA.

Make sure to follow Wreaths Across America official channels on social media for the most up-to-the-minute news on the mission:


Wreaths Across America, PO Box 249, Columbia Falls, ME 04623, United States, 877-385-9504

WWI DISPATCH February 2021

A newsletter from the folks behind the World War One Centennial Commission.

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February 2021

Coming Soon all white text

Dispatch subscribers: keep an eye on your email for a personal invitation to watch a Live Broadcast of The Inaugural Raising of the Flag of the United States of America over the National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC, featuring award-winning actor Gary Sinese and many other notable speakers. Not a subscriber? Subscribe now to be sure you receive your own invitation to watch this historic broadcast.

Sculpture video NJ

It’s 58 feet long and 10 feet high:
New Jersey sculptor’s World War I monument will speak for a nation

An in-depth look at the process of creating the sculpture for the new National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC was recently published on the web site, and later picked up for national viewership by USA Today. Reporter Jim Beckerman interviews sculptor Sabin Howard and the whole team at his studio. Click here to read the entire interview, and watch the absorbing video.

Teaching and learning WWI in 2021 animated gif square

Last Chance: sign up for webinar today!

Click here to register TODAY to attend this FREE 2021 webinar for educators and learners about the challenges, opportunities and importance for teaching and learning about “The War That Changed the World”. “WWI Education Webinar: Strategies and Tools for Teaching (and Learning) WWI in 2021” on Feb 26, 2021 1:00 PM EST — today.

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the webinar. Can’t attend today? Register anyway to receive a link to the recording later.

New Book Gives Voice to the Men of the Famous Lost Battalion of World War I

The Lost Battalion: As They Saw It.

In the history of American participation in WWI, two stories remain the most recognized: that of Sergeant York, and that of the ‘Lost Battalion.’ Now another chapter in the tale of the Lost Battalion has been told in a new book by WWI author and historian Robert J. Laplander titled The Lost Battalion: As They Saw It. Most know the general story. Between October 2nd and October 7th, 1918 Major Charles Whittlesey of the 77th Division led nearly 700 men into the narrow Charlevaux Ravine during the battle in the Argonne Forest. They were quickly surrounded by the Germans and during their five-day siege in that ravine endured starvation, continual enemy attacks, a mistaken artillery barrage by their own forces, and an eventual casualty rate of nearly 72%. Click here to learn more about this new book that tells the Lost Battalion’s story through the words of its survivors..

Black heroes highlighted in call for Peace Cross restoration funding

Peace Cross MD

The Bladensburg World War I Memorial, known as the Peace Cross, in Prince George’s County, Maryland, which includes the names of four Black soldiers who died in World War I, needs money for restoration. Calls for funding are being made specifically during Black History Month. “Funds are needed to begin this vital endeavor. To address the need, the Department of Parks and Recreation is fundraising to repair the Peace Cross,” Department Resource Development Officer Tracy Wright said in a news release. “We encourage the community to join us and help support the restoration of this historical monument which honors our fallen Black heroes.” Click here to learn more about the Peace Cross, the heroes it honors, and how its restoration can be supported.

Women Answered Call in World War I

Marguerite Martin

In World War I telephone operators were needed in Europe. General John J. Pershing, commander of the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I, quickly saw that women—American women–would be better at telephone work than the men. The Signal Corps was all male, and they were not only assigned to string lines but to handle all communications, and were not doing well at the latter task. A call was put out throughout America for women to serve in Europe as operators. The preferred candidates were fluent in French and English. One of the women who answered the call was Marguerite Martin. Click here to read Marguerite’s story, and learn how important the “Hello Girls” were to the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I.

Des Moines Hosted First-Ever African American Officer Training camp

Des Moines graduates

A page of Des Moines history is also part of Black history. In 1917, a thousand African American college-educated young men came to Des Moines for the Officer Training Program. They were joined by 250 Black non-commissioned officers for training from May through October. “Des Moines has a really proud legacy of having Fort Des Moines, which is a camp where the first Black officers for the U.S. Army were trained,” said Leo Landis, curator of the State Historical Museum of Iowa. Click here to read more, and learn about one of the soldiers who came back after his military days: James B. Morris, who is remembered still at the State Historical Museum of Iowa.

Creede, CO and WWI—A Knitter’s Tale


“Grandma, do you know how to knit?”

It was the summer of 2000 and eleven-year-old Lizzie, a beginning knitter, hoped she’d found a mentor—her ninety-four-year-old grandmother, Mary Elting Folsom. Lizzie’s question took Mary back to 1917, several months after the US entered World War I.

“Yes, Lizzie, I do know how to knit. I learned during the summer of 1917, when I was eleven. Surprisingly, my teacher was a British army recruiter who had come to my home town of Creede, Colorado.”

Located high in the San Juan mountains of southern Colorado, Creede was a silver mining town when Mary was born in 1906. Click here to read Mary’s story, and learn the surprising reason that a British army recruiter was there in 1917 to provide knitting lessons to her.

African American suffragist supported U.S. troops in World War I for YWCA

Addie Waites Hunton

When Kathy Coker was doing research at the Richmond, VA Public Library, In preparation for Black History Month, she uncovered the fascinating story of Addie Waites Hunton, an African American suffragist, activist, writer, political organizer, educator, and officer of the the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA). If all that wasn’t enough to make Hunton a noteworthy historical figure, she also became involved in the YMCA’s work abroad during World War I, travelling to France in June 1918 to work with the black troops of the American Expeditionary Forces. Click here to read the entire amazing story of Addie Waites Hunton, and the astonishing and outsized role she played in American history.

French-Built and American Flown: Meet the WWI Nieuport 28 Fighter Plane

Nieuport 28

When the United States military went “over there” to take on the Huns (the Germans) during the First World War, what it lacked in equipment it more than made up for in determination. This meant that Americans often relied on foreign equipment, and in the case of aircraft the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) used what it could get. After the French rejected the Nieuport 28C.1, which was introduced in mid-1917, in favor of the far sturdier and more advanced Spad XIII, the newly arrived Americans adopted the Nieuport 28 as a stop-gap measure, and quickly the American pilots made do with what they could. Click here to read more about how American aviators with obsolete equipment were nevertheless able to perform prodigious aviation feats in WWI. 

How Rockford’s WWI Camp Grant led to an African American community center

Rockford IL

Rockford, IL is home to one of the oldest African American community centers in Illinois, a direct descendant of World War I’s Camp Grant. For more than a year, Joyce Higgins has been the executive director of the African American Resource Center (AARC) at Booker Washington Community Center, 524 Kent St, but she’s been involved at the center for decades. “The Booker Washington Center would not even exist if it wasn’t for segregation,” she said. “It’s an excitement to tell this history…there’s so much of it.” Click here to read the story of how one of the 16 cantonments used to train soldiers in WWI gained a second life in the community after the conflict ended.

A rifle and a shovel — As a wagoner in World War I, early Pablo Beach, FL resident made his mark in history

Jesse Butler headstone

The oldest headstone in Lee Kirkland Cemetery, the historic African-American graveyard in Jacksonville Beach, belongs to Jessie Butler, a native Floridian who performed back-breaking work in a seaside mining camp known as Mineral City before serving his country overseas in World War I. The upright marble headstone, issued by the U.S. Government, denotes the little-known unit he served in during the war, and, most importantly, his rank – that of wagoner. Click here to read how Jesse Butler’s special capabilities played an important role supporting the U.S. Army in World War I.

Elgin’s Black Soldiers Served Proudly in U.S. Armed Forces during World War I

Elgin IL soldiers

In the period leading up to WWI, the 8th Regiment of the Illinois National Guard would make history. This unit would become known as the 370th U.S. Infantry and was made up entirely of Black soldiers, officers and commanders. The 370th Infantry would see combat in France, becoming the first U.S. regiment in the French region of Alsace-Lorraine. Among its ranks was Elgin’s own Lewis P. Andrews. Click here to read his story, and learn how the 370th fought with such distinction in France and Belgium that the Germans who fought them gave the soldiers the nickname of Schwarze Teufel, “Black Devils,” for their ferocity in combat.

WWI Changed Us: How the Philippines Shaped America’s First World War

Philippines and WWI

Ever since U.S. troops occupied the Philippines in 1898, generations of Filipinos have served in and alongside the U.S. Armed Forces, including during World War I. Join historian Christopher Capozzola at the National World War I Museum and Memorial as he reveals the forgotten history of the military relationship between the U.S. and Philippines from the colonial-era Philippine Scouts to the present day. Learn how military service in the Philippines shaped the worldview of key World War I military figures (including General John J. Pershing), and how World War I affected the Philippines and other U.S. colonies. Click here to register for the free Zoom webinar, and learn more about this forgotten chapter of America’s WWI experience.

Doughboy MIA for February

Samuel Roach

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Our Doughboy MIA this month is Private Samuel Roach. Born February 12th, 1886, in Bradford, Ohio, Private Roach was an employee of the E.C. Atkins Saw Works in Indianapolis when he enlisted in the U.S. Army on October 16th, 1917. Sent to Ft. Thomas, Kentucky for muster, he took his training at Washington D.C., where he was assigned to Company D, 6th Engineer Regiment, 3rd Division. He left for overseas on December 6th, 1917, and was killed in action on March 29th, 1918 near Villers Bretonneux. He is memorialized on the Walls of the Missing at the Somme American Cemetery, Bony, France. Interestingly, he was initially reported to the state of Indiana as having been returned and interred at Arlington national Cemetery.

Can you spare just ten dollars? Give ‘Ten For Them’ to Doughboy MIA and help us make a full accounting of the 4,423 American service personnel still listed as missing in action from WW1. Make your tax deductible donation now, with our thanks.

Official WWI Centennial Merchandise

Coin Group

2018 World War I Centennial Silver Dollar Set

No longer available from the U.S. Mint!

These Official World War I Centennial Silver Dollar Sets are still available here on the WWI Centennial Commission’s online gift shop.

NOTE: Each set comes with 2 separate coins. Each set will accompany the Official Doughboy Design alongside your choice of Military Branch.

“The United Mint certifies that this coin is a genuine 2018 World War I Centennial Silver Dollar, minted and issued in accordance with legislation passed by Congress and signed by the President on December 16, 2014, as Public Law 113-212. This coin was minted by the Department of the Treasury, United States Mint, to commemorate the centennial of America’s involvement in World War I. This coin is legal tender of the United States.”

Coin stand personalized

Compliment your Centennial Silver Dollar with a special coin display stand with an engraved personalized plate to honor your World War I ancestor. This black wooden coin stand is 3-1/2 inches in height, 1-1/2 inches in width and 2-1/2 inches in length and features silver posts. This elegant stand is a perfect way to display your your Centennial Silver Dollar or any coins on your desk or shelf.

Proceeds from the sale of these items will help build the new National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the United States World War One Centennial.

Memorial Camera

You can keep track of progress at the new National World War I Memorial through construction site time lapse video, or a live video feed from the site. Click here to take a look, and also find out how you can help finish this national tribute to the 4.7 million Americans who served, and the 116,516 who did not come home from World War I.

Virtual Explorer

Click or scan the QR Code below to download the Virtual Explorer App for the National World War I Memorial, and explore what the Memorial will look like when work is completed.

QR Code for Virtual Explorer App download

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Free Self-Contained WWI History Web Site on YOUR computer

Sources, lessons, activities, videos, podcasts, images

We have packaged all the content we created for “How WWI Changed America” into a format that is essentially a web site on a drive. Download the content onto any drive (USB, external, or as a folder on your computer), and all the content is accessible in a web site type format even without an internet connection. Click here to learn more, and download this amazing educational resource for home or classroom use.

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Frank Clyde Mercer

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of

Frank Clyde Mercer

Submitted by: Michael Conn {Great Grandson}

Frank Clyde Mercer was born around 1887. Frank Mercer served in World War 1 with the United States Army Air Corps. The enlistment was in 1918 and the service was completed in 1918.

Story of Service

The service of Franklin “Clyde” Mercer in the First World War began in support of the war effort as a 30-year-old, civilian, munitions worker for the Whitaker Glessner Company, a steel production company contracted to manufacture 155mm howitzer shells at its location in New Boston, a small Ohio village within the city of Portsmouth, Ohio.

Frank’s military draft paperwork show that he was employed with Whitaker Glessner on June 5, 1917, the date of his registration for the draft.

Eleven months later, on May 17, 1918, Frank would enter military service. He was accompanied by his uncle, Harzy Walls, 6 months his junior, who was also entering the service. Now 31 years of age, Frank departed the Ohio River Valley for Camp Sevier, a military training camp located in the upstate of South Carolina, near the city of Greenville.

It was here, following their formal induction and training into the Air Service of the National Army, that Harzy and Frank would part ways. Frank was assigned to the 15th Aero Construction Company as a carpenter and would spend the early summer months getting technical training at Camp Mills and Hazelhurst Field, near Garden City, New York while Harzy would train near Norfolk, Virginia at Camp Morrison with the 27th Balloon Company for the remainder of the war.

Read Frank Clyde Mercer’s entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family’s Story of Service here.

Honor the Stories of Service of ALL Who Served.

Do Your Bit to Help Build the new National World War I Memorial.

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75 Years in the Making: From Acquisition to Anniversary

Note this item from a fellow veterans organization in the Bay Area.

Marines' Memorial: 75 Years in the Making

In last month’s “Marines’ Memorial: 75 Years in the Making,” we told the history of this incredible building from its first years as the Western Women’s Club to its time as a Navy WAVES dormitory. Today, we dedicate this “Look Back” to the first year of Marines’ Memorial Association and how the Marine Corps established the Club we know today!

“A Good Club Can Be in More Service Than a Granite Monument”

After the war ended in the fall of 1945, the Marine Corps, under the leadership of General Alexander Vandergrift, began the planning and execution of many memorials across the country.

SF Chronicle Article

In addition to the more traditional brick and stone monuments, Marine Corps leadership discussed the benefits of Living Memorials, “living reminders of our heroic dead,” and decided San Francisco would be the home of the first of its kind.


So, in May of 1946, the USMC purchased the Western Women’s Club at 609 Sutter Street for $800,000 to establish the country’s first Living Memorial.

Marines’ Memorial was to be used for the “convenience and relaxation of Leatherneck officers, enlisted men, veterans and the mothers, fathers and wives of men lost in the service.” The non-profit “Leatherneck Association” was established at the same time to assist the “rehabilitation center and as a testimony to the close fraternity that exists between officers and men of the Marine Corps.”

General Larsen


The Club had many member milestones during their first year (November 1946-November 1947) under the leadership of Major General Henry Larsen, USMC (Ret) and continually offered amenities like archery, cocktail hours, swimming, theatrical performances and the opening of the (still much-loved) Library in March of 1947.

Although the Club has changed over the last 75 years, this building still stands tall to honor those who sacrificed their lives in service to our country. We will continue to be “a memorial that benefits the living” for decades to come.

1st Anniversary

Living Memorials

Lavish Club

Archery Class

Library Opens

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Marines’ Memorial Association & Foundation

609 Sutter St.

San Francisco, CA 94102

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