Category Archives: World War One Centennial Commission

Announcing Bells of Peace 2021 – A WWI Remembrance

An item from the organization formerly known as the World War One Centennial Comission.

View as a webpage

Bells of Peace header logo
Uncle Sam wants you to toll the bells

Join us for Bells of Peace 2021

Toll “Bells of Peace” on 11/11 at 11am local time, and honor all those who served and sacrificed in WWI.

Bells of Peace is a U.S. national bell tolling remembrance that was created in collaboration with the Society of the Honor Guard, Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (SHGTUS) to commemorate the 100-year anniversary of the World War I Armistice, November 11, 2018.

The Doughboy Foundation has since promoted Bells of Peace as an annual remembrance of those who served in WWI and of the moment when the guns fell silent, and bells tolled in Europe… on the 11th day of the 11th month, at the 11th hour in 1918.


By registering for Bells of Peace 2021, you can include and share your organization’s logo as a participant. We will keep you updated on relevant news and information about the event and your participation and tagged social media posts will go into the archive of participation.

Sign Up

Tomb of the Unknown Centennial logo

“Here Rests in Honored Glory…”

2021 marks the 100th anniversary of the interment ceremonies officiated by President Warren G. Harding when an unknown soldier from WWI was laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery establishing the hallowed Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on November 11, 1921.

This year as we toll the Bells of Peace at 11am local on 11/11, we will also reflect on this solemn event triggered by America’s participation in WWI.

TUS Centennial Commemoration

Bells of Peace Participation App

Participation App

Download the free Bells of Peace Participation App.

  • An easy way to register your participation.
  • A countdown timer until 11am local on 11/11 local time.
  • Select a bell and manually toll it at 11am or have it auto toll 21 times at the appointed time.
  • Have several people use their smartphones together to create a group bell tolling. Mix it with other acoustic bells for a truly memorable 21 peal remembrance of those who served and serve.
  • If  you are a teacher, use the Bells of Peace Participation app to involve your students in the history and meaning of Veterans Day in an engaging and experiential way.
  • Share your Bells of Peace event with all the other participants through the App using the built-in social sharing channel.

Download the App

Link in your own Social Media posts

Even if you don’t use the Bells of Peace Participation App, you can tag your social media posts with #BellsOfPeace and we will bring them into our aggregator to share with everyone. We scan for posts on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Youtube with #BellsOfPeace. Your posts will appear on the Bells of Peace website and in the App for all to see how you remember.

This year we will also be scanning for #TUS100 honoring the Centennial of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

Our Bells of Peace participation archive goes all the way back to 2018 with hundreds of great posts from our participants.Check it out. and just keep clicking MORE.

Share you Bell of Peace posts

If you have questions or need help with your participation reach out through:

Special Event at the WWI Memorial

This up-coming event may be of interest to some members.

Special Event at the WWI Memorial

General Pershing color portrait square


General John J. “Blackjack” Pershing’s 161st Birthday

Schedule of Events for Monday Sept. 13, 2021

Taps Bugler at Flagstaff with crowd

5:00pm – Regular Playing of “Daily Taps” at the WWI Memorial Flag Staff.

As we do every evening at 5pm at the WWI Memorial, a bugler dressed in a World War I period uniform will play “Taps” — the distinctive bugle melody played at U.S. military funerals and memorials.

Taps bugler at the Pershing Memorial statue

6:00pm – Wreath laying and “Echoing Taps” at the Pershing statue and around the Memorial.

On this special occasion, there will be a wreath laying at the Pershing statue followed by “Echoing Taps”, a musical experience where taps will sound from multiple buglers around the WWI Memorial.

U.S. Army band "Pershing's Own" playing at the WWI Memorial

6:30pm – A Concert at the WWI Memorial by the U.S. Army Band.

The General’s birthday will be topped off with a performance by the U.S Army Band, known as “Pershing’s Own”. (weather permitting.)

Support the Doughboy Foundation Programs

WWI DISPATCH August 2021

A newsletter that arrived late yesterday, that may be of interest to some members.

View this in your browser

Header 10292020

August 2021

Taps Pershing Birthday 09132021

Special events at the National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC on Monday, September 13 will honor General of the Armies John “Blackjack” Pershing on the date of his 161st birthday. At 5:00 p.m., Daily Taps will be played as usual by a bugler in World War I “Doughboy” uniform. At 6:00 p.m. there will be a wreath-laying ceremony at the statue of General Pershing in honor of his birth on September 13, 1860 in Laclede, Missouri. After the wreath ceremony, “echoing taps” will be sounded in succession by three buglers in World War I “Doughboy” uniforms. At 6:30 p.m. at the Memorial (weather permitting), the U.S. Army Band “Pershing’s Own” will present a concert created to honor the legacy of General Pershing. The musical selections will focus on influential military music during WWI, as well as music that Pershing may have heard in France that inspired the creation of “Pershing’s Own”. The program features works by James Reese Europe (Gen. Pershing’s favorite band leader and composer), John Philip Sousa, Astor Piazzolla, and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. The National World War I Memorial is located on Pennsylvania Ave. and 15th Street in Washington, DC.

Virtual App for schools

National WWI Memorial and World War I History Come to U.S. Schools this Fall Through New Technology

The Doughboy Foundation is bringing the new National WWI Memorial from Washington, D.C. to schools and homes all over America with a new release of the award-winning Augmented Reality App called The WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer”. The “Virtual Explorer” app brings a walk-around-inside-it digital 3D model of the National WWI Memorial to students and educators utilizing iOS or Android tablets, available in many K-12 schools, or the smartphone already in nearly every pocket. Students, teachers, or anyone who cannot come to Washington, D.C. can take a virtual field trip to the National WWI Memorial. More than that, the WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” App is filled with interactive and experiential WWI history. Click here to read more, and learn how your school can take advantage of all the great educational resources the updated app offers.

Congressional Gold Medal approved for 369th Infantry “Harlem Hellfighters”

Harlem Hellfighters

The tough-as-nails Black infantrymen that gave America’s enemies hell in World War I will be awarded Congress’s highest honor posthumously under a new law passed by Congress and signed by the President. The 369th Infantry Regiment, a New York National Guard unit known more commonly as the Harlem Hellfighters, will receive the Congressional Gold Medal under the law — more than 100 years after waging brutal trench warfare in Europe for 191 straight days.  Click here to read more about how the long-delayed honor was finally approved for the unit.

Rep. Cleaver Re-Introduces Bipartisan Bill Awarding Congressional Gold Medal to the “Hello Girls” of World War I

Representative Cleaver

U.S. Representative Emanuel Cleaver, II (D-MO) announced the introduction of H.R. 4949, a bipartisan bill to award the Congressional Gold Medal—the highest civilian award bestowed by Congress—to over 220 American women who served as telephone operators with the U.S. Army Signal Corps during World War I. The “Hello Girls” were the first female soldiers to be deployed to a combat zone and were instrumental in the war effort in France throughout WWI. Their efforts to connect American and French forces on the front lines of battle by helping to translate and communicate command orders were an integral component to the eventual victory for the Allied Powers. Click here to read more, and learn how essential the Hello Girls were to the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. 

Giant clay soldiers charge into battle as WWI memorial sculpture takes shape

sculpture work

The mammoth clay sculpture that included figures #13 and #14 weighed 300 pounds, and because of its weight, sculptor Sabin Howard called it “the monster.” It depicted two American soldiers, one wounded, charging into battle during World War I. And it was going to require Howard and four other men to lift it off its metal stand, wrestle it about 20 feet to a display wall and fix it in place. Howard was worried. It would be a disaster if it fell. “Okay,” he said. “Let’s just do it.”  Click here to read the entire Washington Post feature story about the ongoing creation of the monumental sculpture for the national World War I Memorial.

Worth the visit: Our time at the World War I Memorial in Washington, DC

Dr. Frank E. Boston

Writing on the Veterans of Foreign Wars Pennsylvania Department web site, George Whitehair and Leigh Ferrier described their visit to the National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC this summer, while in the city for meetings and collaborations to continue their push for national recognition for an American hero and WWI veteran, Dr. Frank Erdman Boston (left). Click here to read the entire article, and learn why the authors think that “Dr. Boston would be proud of the memorial built to honor those that served and those that made the ultimate sacrifice in World War I.

The Spot Where World War I for the US Finally Ended…in New Jersey

New Jersey treaty signing memorial

Mere steps away from the Burger King in Bridgewater, NJ, you’ll notice a strangely landscaped, infrequently visited slice of history. Though the Somerville Circle is traversed by thousands each day, few realize how close they are to the place where World War I officially ended in the United States, on July 2, 1921. Click here to read the whole story, and learn how. in an now-obscure corner of the Garden State, the Great War to an official end.

A High Stakes Game of Cat and House: How America Hunted Subs During WWI

U.S. sub hunters WWI

When Congress voted on April 6, 1917, to declare war on Imperial Germany, the task before the U.S. Navy was clear: it needed to transport and supply over a million men across the Atlantic despite the Imperial German Navy’s ferocious U-Boat campaign, which reached its peak that month, sinking over 874,000 tons of shipping.  Indeed, Germany’s decision to recommence unrestricted submarine warfare in February was one of the decisive factors driving the United States, into finally joining “the war to end all wars.” Click here to read more, and learn how the Navy worked out the countermeasures and weapons need to get American Doughboys across the Atlantic safely, and help bring the Great War to an earlier end.

World War I Was Much More Than Trenches in France

Soldiers over the top

“It’s clear the Great War still casts a long cultural shadow,” writes James Holmes in The National Interest, but “A partial or garbled understanding of history means any guidance we distill from it is partial or garbled as well.” To this end, he warns that “it’s crucial to remember that entrenched combat in the West is far from the whole story of the Great War.” Click here to read the entire article, and learn why “False lessons of history could beget bad decisions in the here and now, while wise lessons bolster our chances to excel.” 

The Mystery of the Missing Page of
Ellen La Motte’s The Backwash of War

Ellen N. La Motte

It was late in my process of researching Ellen N. La Motte’s extraordinary wartime book, The Backwash of War, that I made a fascinating discovery about its contents. Or, more accurately, I made a fascinating discovery about what is absent from its contents. I realized a key page is missing. And that missing page speaks volumes.” Thus author and scholar Cynthia Wachtell describes the beginning of a tantalizing mystery that she later solved in the creation of a new, expanded version of La Motte’s groundbreaking book. Click here to learn the whole story of how the century-old riddle was answered, and what Wachtell learned in the process about La Motte and WWI America.  

U.S. Army 3rd Infantry Division presents awards to WWI Veterans’s Family

3rd ID snip

The U.S. Army’s 3rd Infantry Division, presented a long-awaited Purple Heart Medal and World War I Victory Medal to the granddaughter and extended family of one of their own, 103 years after he was killed in action in France. “It’s overwhelming. It’s beyond belief. It’s really a miracle it happened,” said Kay Beasley Toups, Beasley’s granddaughter and his closest living relative. Click here to read the entire article, and see photos of the inspiring presentation ceremony.

Town Seeks to Match Grant Funds for Repair of WWI & Other War Memorials

Franklin Doughboy Memorial snip

The Franklin, MA Town Common has 11 war memorials, “and most of them need a little bit of work – some need major work,” says Dale Kurtz, Franklin Veterans Services officer. At the end of April, Franklin received a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission of $18,338 for the monuments, but that’s under half of what it will need to complete the whole project. Click here to read more, and learn how the town plans to raise the matching funds to complete the work on the WWI and other war memorials.

The Aftermath of Wisconsin’s Experience as the “Traitor State”

Leslie Bellais

As I began a new job as a curator, mainly in charge of clothing and textiles, at the Wisconsin Historical Society in the early 1990s, I had no idea that it would lead me to an abiding interest, almost a passion, regarding the history of Wisconsin’s home front during World War I,” writes Leslie Bellais. Where the new-found passion led her was a Ph.D. dissertation, which in turn led to an important chapter in the new book Home Front in the American Heartland: Local Experiences and Legacies of WWI.  Click here to read more about Leslie’s work, and the lessons she has drawn from her research into World War I.

The War Nurse: Bringing to Life the Brave Nurses of World War I

Tracey Enerson Wood

Coming from a multi-generational military family, novelist Tracey Enerson Wood “thought it was time to explore a woman who served in war time.”  The result: her new book The War Nurse, the story of Julia Stimson, an American nurse asked to recruit sixty-five other nurses to relieve those of the battle-worn British, months before American troops are ready to be deployed.  Click here to read more, and learn how the research for her novel and its writing taught the author a lot about WWI changed the world, and continues to affect it even today.

Doughboy MIA for August 2021

Edward M. Beneker

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Our Doughboy MIA this month is Private Edward M. Beneker. The son of Henry and Kathrine Beneker, Edward was a farmer born in South Gate, Indiana on September 20th, 1895. He entered military service on March 28th, 1918, and trained at Camp Taylor, Kentucky before being assigned to Company D, 115th Infantry, 29th Division at Camp McClellan, Alabama. With them he sailed overseas in June 1918 and saw action that summer.

Reported WIA on October 23rd, 1918, his status was later changed to KIA, though his grave was never located. Nothing else is known at this time.

Want to help us find Private Beneker and others like him? Please consider a donation today. Doughboy MIA is a non-profit, tax-deductible organization–every dime of your money goes toward finding the answers surrounding these boys. Visit www.ww1cc.ord/mia today and be part of the solution!

Can you spare just ten dollars? Give ‘Ten For Them’ to Doughboy MIA and help us make a full accounting of the 4,423 American service personnel still listed as missing in action from WW1. Make your tax deductible donation now, with our thanks.

And remember:

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Merchandise from the Official Doughboy Foundation World War I Store

Poppy Mask

“Remember them” Poppy Face Mask

  • A exclusive!
  • High quality, dual-layer, machine washable fabric
  • Outer: 100% Cotton jersey knit
  • Inner: Polyester 135gsm with Anti-Microbial protection
  • Adjustable elastic ear straps for a comfortable fit
  • Flexible wire frame over the nose for secure fit
  • Width: 9.5” / 24cm x Height: 6” /15.5cm
  • Screen printed poppy design “Remember Them” inscription
  • One size – fits most adults

Proceeds from the sale of these masks will help build the new National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the Doughboy Foundation.

Virtual Explorer

Click to download the Virtual Explorer App for the National World War I Memorial, and explore what the Memorial will look like when work is completed.

Education Thumb Drive image

Free Self-Contained WWI History Web Site on YOUR computer

Sources, lessons, activities, videos, podcasts, images

We have packaged all the content we created for “How WWI Changed America” into a format that is essentially a web site on a drive. Download the content onto any drive (USB, external, or as a folder on your computer), and all the content is accessible in a web site type format even without an internet connection. Click here to learn more, and download this amazing educational resource for home or classroom use.

Genealogy book FREE DOWNLOAD

you can help - shop using amazon smile

Doughboy MIA

Pershing Sponsors

Pershing Sponsors

Paul & Stanley Wikarski

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of

Paul & Stanley Wikarski

Submitted by: Kent Wikarski {nephew}

Paul Wikarski (r) was born around 1887, Stanley Wikarski was born around 1891. Paul & Stanley Wikarski served in World War 1 with the United States Navy and United States Army, respectively.

Story of Service

Brothers Paul & Stanley Wikarski children of Polish immigrants were born and raised in Detroit, Michigan. Paul the older of the two lied about his age and entered the Navy when he was only sixteen and a half years old. Paul served as a Chief Gunners Mate aboard the U.S.S. Ohio as part of the Atlantic Fleet during WW!. Just four years earlier, in 1914, he took part in the invasion of Veracruz while serving on the U.S.S. New Hampshire. Paul died of accidental drowning during his 5th enlistment period in 1922 at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

Stanley enlisted in the Army and completed basic training at Fort Custer, Michigan as a member of 85th Infantry. Because of his contractor experience, he was assigned to the 2nd Battalion 310th Engineers, a divisional support regiment later assigned to the V Army Corps 1st Army under General Pershing. Records show that the 310th Engineers deployed in support of the Division at various battles. At some, point Stanley was exposed to a poison gas attack. Like many men, he died prematurely due to post war afflictions. He died at the National Home for Disabled & Solders in Milwaukee in 1932.

Both Paul and Stanley are buried in Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Detroit Michigan.  The Photo was probably taken in 1919/1920 while Paul was on leave.

Submit your family’s Story of Service here.

Honor the Stories of Service of ALL Who Served.

Do Your Bit to Help Build the new National World War I Memorial.

WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” App aimed at schools this fall

This item may be of interest to some of our members.

virtual explorer 4 panel overview
Five start 260

Learn More  >



WASHINGTON, DC 8/23/2021

The Doughboy Foundation is bringing the new National WWI Memorial from Washington, D.C. to schools and homes all over America with a new release of the award-winning Augmented Reality App called The WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer”.

The “Virtual Explorer” App brings a walk-around-inside-it digital 3D model of the National WWI Memorial to students and educators utilizing iOS or Android tablets, available in many K-12 schools, or the smartphone already in nearly every pocket.

Students, teachers, or anyone who cannot come to Washington, D.C. can take a virtual field trip to the National WWI Memorial. More than that, the WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” App is filled with interactive and experiential WWI history, including:

Virtual Explorer - timeline Tower

The Timeline Tower: An interactive, 2-story tall 3D timeline featuring over 50 key events from WWI with images and short narratives organized up and down the tower in time order.

Virtual Explorer-sinking the Lusitania 2

The Sinking of the Lusitania: A video game-style presentation of this crucial event that was instrumental in drawing America into the global WWI conflict.

Virtual Explorer - Sopwith Camel plane

Vehicles from WWI: Featuring interactive 3D models of breakthrough vehicles that came out of WWI including airplanes, tanks, motorized ambulances and even a 1917 Harley Davidson motorcycle.

Virtual Explorer - How WWI Changed America

How WWI Changed America: More than 50 micro-documentaries (each under 2 minutes) in 9 categories featuring leading WWI historians. Social topics include the effect of WWI on Women, African Americans, Native Americans, immigrants, citizenship, propaganda, and even the 1918 flu pandemic.

Virtual Explorer - Military History of WWI

The Military History of WWI: A multi-part exploration of how America transformed from a standing army of less than 130,000 to a global military powerhouse with 4.7 million men and women in uniform, and 2 million soldiers deployed overseas in just 18 months – a timeframe comparable to today’s Covid experience.

virtual Explorer - Stories of Service

Stories of Service: The tools and means to create research-projects about WWI veterans from the local community or families, which can be submitted INTO the App, resulting in an auto-narrated story and images that are shared nationally.

Communicator Award statuette

The WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” prototype received a 2021 Communicator Award for “Best Use of Augmented Reality” from the Academy of Interactive & Visual Arts. This new release builds and expands on that success.

The innovative WWI Memorial Apps initiative has received support and funding from Walmart, the National Endowment for the Humanities, with content from a Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grant, resulting in two companion apps.

The companion WWI Memorial “Visitor Guide” is optimized for use on-site when visiting the WWI Memorial. It is a smaller version intended for easy download at the venue.

The WWI Memorial Apps were produced by the Doughboy Foundation in partnership with two California based companies:, LLC as creator/producer, and game studio Code Headquarters as the developer.

The Apps can be found by searching on “WWI Memorial” in either app store or by going to



The monthly newsletter from this national veterans organization.

View this in your browser

Header 10292020

July 2021

App Header Image 072021

Winner of the 2021 Communicator Award for “Best Use of Augmented Reality” from the Academy of Interactive & Visual Arts, the WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” app will release an updated version on August 15, timed to be available for use in classrooms and home schools this fall.

Updated WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” App publishing August 15, just in time for the New School Year

The Doughboy Foundation is bringing the new National WWI Memorial from Washington, D.C. to schools, classrooms, dining rooms, dens, backyards, and driveways all over America with a new updated release of the award-winning Augmented Reality App called The WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” scheduled for release on August 15.

App How WWI Changed America

The “Virtual Explorer” app brings a walk-around-inside-it digital 3D model of the National WWI Memorial to students at home or in school classrooms using iOS or Android smartphones and tablets, available in many K-12 schools.

Students, teachers, or any interested party can access the National WWI Memorial themselves, wherever they are, rather than needing to go to Washington, D.C. to experience and explore it. More than that, the WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” App is filled with interactive and experiential WWI history. Click here to read all about the new and expanded WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” and learn how to download it to your phone or other mobile device on or after August 15.

Honoring the Doughboys: Daily Taps at the National World War I Memorial

Taps Bugler

Taps is sounded each day at 5:00 p.m. at the new National World War I Memorial in Washington DC. The National World War I Memorial is located on Pennsylvania Ave between 14th and 15th Streets. Taps is sounded by a bugler from Taps for Veterans to honor the memory of 4.7 million Americans who finished a fight they did not start, in a land they had never visited, for peace and liberty for people they did not know. The sounding honors those Doughboys who did their ‘bit’ for their country. The daily sounding of Taps began Monday May 24th and will continue through Veterans Day, at the foot of the flagpole at the Memorial. Click here to read more about the daily sounding, with cooperation of the U.S. WWI Centennial Commission, The Doughboy Foundation, The America Battlefield Monuments Commission, the National Park Service and Taps For Veterans. 

Champagne and Hot Dogs: How the Allies Celebrated the Fourth of July During World War I

July 4 in Paris

“It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations, from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward forever more,” John Adams wrote to his wife, Abigail, on July 3, 1776. For 245 years the Fourth of July has been synonymous with hot dogs, red, white, and blue outfits purchased from Old Navy, and fireworks. Lots and lots of fireworks. Precisely as our Founding Father predicted. But in 1917, as war continued to rage on the Western Front, the newly arrived American Doughboys expected little pomp and circumstance to mark their nation’s independence. However, leave it to the nation’s oldest ally, the French, to throw a party. Click here to read more about how America’s Independence Day was celebrated in Europe in 1917.

A Destiny of Undying Greatness:
Kiffin Rockwell and the Boys Who Remembered Lafayette

Mark M. Trapp

“Most Americans with a passing knowledge of history know of General Pershing’s July 4, 1917, march through Paris with the newly arrived American troops to the tomb of Lafayette where, on behalf of America, Pershing’s aide Colonel Charles Stanton uttered the famous words “Lafayette, we are here.” But too many are unaware of the actions and sacrifices of Kiffin Rockwell and other American boys dating back to the outset of the Great War more than two and a half years before Pershing’s arrival.”  Author Mark M. Trapp helps build more awareness of that pre-1917 service by Americans in WWI with his new book A Destiny of Undying Greatness: Kiffin Rockwell and the Boys Who Remembered LafayetteClick here to read more about the book, and learn how a chance encounter with an unusual first name began five years of research that changed the author’s life.

Ernest Peixotto: Enlisted World War I American Artist on the Western Front

Ernest Peixotto

In late July 1914, American artist Ernest Peixotto and his wife, Mary, returned from a sketching trip in Portugal to the small studio-home in the French village of Samois-sur-Seine that had been their base for 15 years. A week later, Germany and France declared war on each other. Overnight, the atmosphere of gaiety disappeared. The Allied victory at the Marne dashed hopes on both sides that the war would be brief, and the Peixottos decided to return to the United States. Four years later Ernest Peixotto would return to France as one of eight artists attached to the American Expeditionary Forces. Click here to read more about Peixotto’s experience as a uniformed artist, charged with the often conflicting tasks of documenting the war for the historical record while creating stirring images of American soldiers in battle that could be used for propaganda at home.

17 photos that show how your great-grandpa got ready for World War I

close shave

Basic training follows a predictable pattern. A bunch of kids show up, someone shaves their heads, and they learn to shoot rifles. But it turns out that training can be so, so much better than that. In World War I, it included mascots, tarantulas, and snowmen. Click here to view a collection of rarely-seen photos from the We Are The Mighty web site and learn about what it was like to prepare for war 100 years ago when the United States entered World War I.

Check Out Mammoth Cave’s Hidden World War I Memorial in Kentucky

Mammoth Cave WWI Memorial

In the years between the first and second world wars, most people thought World War I really was the “War to End All Wars,” and they reacted appropriately. Memorials were raised all over the country to men who died in the trenches “over there.” At the time, there weren’t really national memorials dedicated to those who died in America’s wars, and those that were built weren’t in Washington, D.C. After the unprecedented destruction and loss of life that came with World War I, municipalities across the United States began dedicating memorials to their local war dead. Click here to read more, and learn how the people of Barren County, Kentucky, through the local American Legion post, placed the tribute to their fallen loved ones inside of nearby Mammoth Cave. 

From WWI to former President Obama’s time in office, Elizabeth Francis has seen the world through many changes

Elizabeth Francis

Elizabeth Francis was born in 1909. William Taft had just become President of the United States. The NAACP was in its infancy, only a few months old. At 7, Francis watched women fight for the right to vote. She lived through World War I and the Spanish Flu. She survived the Great Depression and lived through World War II. The March on Washington happened days after her 54th birthday. She saw the images from Vietnam and kept up with the space race. She’s seen technology evolve and saw a monumental shift in civil rights for Americans. Click here to read more about Elizabeth, and see video of her drive-by 112th birthday celebration in Houston.

Turning Sons into Sammies: Just Call Fort Worth’s Camp Bowie “Camp Quick”

Camp Bowie

Imagine the Fort Worth of a century ago. Imagine what the Star-Telegram at the time described as “a wind-swept, untrampled tract of a prairie” on the western edge of town. Now imagine that in just three months that wind-swept, untrampled tract of prairie would become decidedly trampled, would become transformed, would become a city of thirty thousand people. But this instant city would be different. It would have a rifle range, an artillery range, battlefield trenches. And its population of thirty thousand would be mostly male. Click here to learn more about the Army’s Camp Bowie in the summer of 1917, and how, in terms of America’s response to the nation’s declaration of war against Germany in World War I, Camp Bowie was Camp Quick.

The American and Joint Origins of Operational Depth in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign during World War I

Thomas Bruscino

Writing for the Marine Corps University Press,  Thomas Bruscino notes that “A common view is that the U.S. military adopted wholesale the Soviet concept of operational depth in the 1970s and 1980s. However, a closer look at U.S. Army concepts, doctrine, and planning reveals that the concept, word, and definition of depth existed in the U.S. military prior to the 1970s. The beginnings of depth in the U.S. Army predate even the great interwar Soviet theorists. The American idea traces to the World War I era, during which it was made manifest in the Joint campaign and operations known as the Meuse-Argonne offensive.” Click here to read more about how this key military doctrine emerged from one of the bloodiest battles in American history during the closing months of World War I.

WWI Informs the Future of American Sea Power at the U.S. Naval War College

United States Battleship Division Nine

The U.S. Naval War College (USNWC) and the Naval War College Foundation (NWCF) have used the centenary of the first “great war” and the pandemic of 1918 to reconsider the historical influence upon contemporary discussions of future maritime strategy. Research in original documentary sources has enabled practitioners at the USNWC to develop fresh strategic perspectives about the future of American sea power. Just as Admirals Stephen B. Luce and Alfred Thayer Mahan used history with an applied purpose, the NWCF has encouraged contemporary historical research with the gracious support of the Pritzker Military Foundation, on behalf of the Pritzker Military Museum and Library. Click here to read more, and learn how the experts continue to discover fresh historical perspectives about the lasting influence of the First World War upon contemporary concepts of American sea power and the future of maritime strategy in the twenty-first century. 

The World War I Army-Navy Baseball Game Played for the King of England

Americans playing baseball in France in 1918

On July 4, 1918, the biggest sports competition in Europe wasn’t soccer, rugby, or cricket. Rather, two teams of “Yanks” — one from the Army and another of Navy personnel, drawn from soldiers and sailors sent to England for World War I — squared off in what British newspapers called the “extraordinary baseball match” pairing teenagers off hometown sandlots with major leaguers. The game brought a stoppage to wartime London and was watched from the stands by no less than King George V and Winston Churchill. Click here to read more, and learn how this game, the brainchild of Rear Adm. William Sims, grew out of the desire to improve morale among the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe.

Remembering a Manitou Springs, CO World War I Veteran

George Eber Duclo

A few years ago, Matt Cavanaugh was standing in Memorial Park in Manitou Springs when he noticed an enormous rock in the middle of the park. It was a platform for a bronze statue of a World War I-era soldier, a “Doughboy,” lunging forward towards Pikes Peak, as if to meet some unseen danger. But, Cavanaugh wondered, who was he? Click here to read more, and follow Cavanaugh’s deep dive into into historical records and old newspapers that revealed the statue’s honoree: Marine Corps Pvt. George Eber Duclo. 

Biographies of 140 PA WWI veterans in “Greene-Dreher in the Great War”

Greene-Dreher in the Great War

Bethel School in Honesdale, PA may have closed decades ago, but there has been no shortage of learning there. On Sunday, July 11 Bethel School held an open house and a lecture. The old wooden desks were occupied with those eager to learn something new once again as local historian Bernadine Lennon presented a lecture entitled “The Army within the Army.” The lecture focused on the volunteers and other unsung heroes that kept the American armies fighting. Click here to learn more, and read about the efforts to identify and honor the local men and women who served the nation during World War I.

World War I soldier Farley Lafore Lock and his namesake VFW post

Farley Lafore Lock

Springfield, IL’s Lafore Lock Post 755 of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, which celebrated its 100th anniversary this month, is named after World War I U.S. Army Pvt. Farley Lafore Lock. Lock died Oct. 18, 1918, of wounds he suffered from an artillery shell the day before in the Verdun sector of France. Born in 1896, Lafore was one of 10 children (eight of them boys) of Nelson and Gretta Lock.  Click here to read more about Lock, and learn how, when Springfield veterans of World War I formed Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 755 in April 1921, its members voted to name the post after him. 

Free speech wasn’t so free 103 years ago, when ‘seditious’ and ‘unpatriotic’ speech was criminalized in the US

Eugene Debs

Just over a century ago, the United States government – in the midst of World War I – undertook unprecedented efforts to control and restrict what it saw as “unpatriotic” speech through passage of the Sedition Act of 1918, signed by President Woodrow Wilson on May 16 of that year. The restrictions – and the courts’ reactions to them – mark an important landmark in testing the limits of the First Amendment, and the beginnings of the current understanding of free speech in the U.S. Scholar and lawyer Eric P. Robinson has studied the federal government’s attempts to restrict speech, including during World War I, and the legal cases that challenged them. Click here to read more, and learn how these cases from WWI helped form the modern idea of the First Amendment right of free speech, and how the conflict between patriotism and free expression continues to be an issue a century later.

Doughboy MIA for July 2021

Juet Caudle

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Our Doughboy MIA this month is Corporal Juet Caudle.

Not much has been discovered about our man this month, with further efforts hobbled by the continued closure of the National Personnel Records Center, which continues to try and catch up on their backlog of work due to Covid closure. What we do know is that Juet W. Caudle was born 14 October 1898 in Millville, Kentucky to George and Lida Caudle. He was the oldest of the five children the couple would have. They were a farming family, who owned their own land. Juet is occasionally listed as George J. Caudle and Jewet or Jewel Caudle.

It appears that Caudle may have enlisted before the war (1915) while underage. What is known is that he was among the first of our troops that arrived overseas in June, 1917 with the 18th Infantry, 1st Division. Fighting all the way through the engagements the 18th Regiment was involved in during their first year in France, Caudle went into the Soissons Offensive with them on July 18th, 1918. Corporal Caudle is sometimes listed as having been killed in action on the first day of the offensive, while the ABMC officially lists his date of death as July 21st, 1918. Unfortunately nothing more is known about his case at his time. He is memorialized on the Tablets to the Missing at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery at Belleau, France.

Want to help us find out more about Caudle and the other 4,423 missing American service personnel from the war? Please consider making a donation to our 501(c)3 not for profit organization. Just visit today and make your tax deductible donation today. That way you’ll have done your part to help us account for our missing boys too. Help us keep their memories alive.

Can you spare just ten dollars? Give ‘Ten For Them’ to Doughboy MIA and help us make a full accounting of the 4,423 American service personnel still listed as missing in action from WW1. Make your tax deductible donation now, with our thanks.

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Merchandise from the Official
Doughboy Foundation WWI Store

Books --Lest We Forget & Honoring the Doughboys

Lest We Forget: The Great War World War I Prints from the Pritzker Military Museum & Library. One of the nation’s premier military history institutions pays tribute to the Americans who served and the allies they fought beside to defeat a resourceful enemy with a lavishly illustrated book.  It is an official product of the United States World War One Centennial Commission and is a tribute to those who served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and what would become the Air Force. It serves as a lasting reminder that our world ignores the history of World War I (and the ensuing WWII) at its peril―lest we forget.

Honoring the Doughboys: Following My Grandfather’s World War I Diary is a stunning presentation of contemporary photographs taken by the author that are paired with diary entries written by his grandfather, George A. Carlson, who was a soldier in the U.S. Army during World War I. Jeff Lowdermilk followed his grandfather’s path through France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Germany and returned with these meticulously crafted photographs and his own engaging stories that bring the diary to life for contemporary readers. Lowdermilk’s passion for World War I and military history began as a young boy when he listened to his grandfather tell his stories about serving as an infantryman– a “Doughboy”–in Europe during the Great War.

Proceeds from the sale of these books will help build the new National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the Doughboy Foundation.

Duo Apps Image 072021

Click or scan the QR Code below to download the WWI Memorial Apps.

QR Code for Virtual Explorer App download

Education Thumb Drive image

Free Self-Contained WWI History Web Site on YOUR computer

Sources, lessons, activities, videos, podcasts, images

We have packaged all the content we created for “How WWI Changed America” into a format that is essentially a web site on a drive. Download the content onto any drive (USB, external, or as a folder on your computer), and all the content is accessible in a web site type format even without an internet connection. Click here to learn more, and download this amazing educational resource for home or classroom use.

Genealogy book FREE DOWNLOAD

you can help - shop using amazon smile

Doughboy MIA

Pershing Sponsors

Pershing Sponsors

Julia Ann Stahl

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of

Julia Ann Stahl

Submitted by: Sandra L Sager {great great niece}

Julia Ann Stahl born around 1875. Julia Ann Stahl served in World War 1 with the Red Cross. The enlistment was in 1917 and the service was completed in 1919.

Story of Service

Julia Ann Stahl was born March 12, 1875 in Cass County, Michigan. She was the last of eleven children born to immigrant parents Phillip and Barbara Stahl. Julia’s father died one week after she was born, and she was raised by her mother on the family farm near Dowagiac, Michigan.

Little is known of Julia’s early years or why she chose a career in nursing. She may have been affected by the death of her sister Anna Louisa in 1885.

Julia moved to Ann Arbor, Michigan in her early 20s and enrolled in the University of Michigan School of nursing which was established in 1891. She completed the rigorous two year nursing program and graduated in 1898 at the age of 23. Julia stayed in Ann Arbor after her graduation and began her professional nursing career. In June of 1907 Julia was elected vice-president of the University of Michigan Nurses’ Alumnae Association, and in February 1914 she was elected as a member of the board of directors of the Washtenaw County Graduate Nurses’ Association.

When the United States declared war on Germany in April 1917, the Dean of the Detroit College of Medicine asked for and received approval from the Red Cross and the Army Medical Department to establish and equip a medical unit staffed by faculty, staff, graduates, and students of the Detroit College of Medicine (later known as Wayne State University). Nurses were recruited from area hospitals, and Julia Stahl was 42 years old when she volunteered.

Read Julia Ann Stahl’s entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family’s Story of Service here.

Honor the Stories of Service of ALL Who Served.

The Memorial is open but we still need your help to continue the mission.

Progress maquette 07232021