Monthly Archives: October 2019

John McCrae and the Battles of Flanders

An item from the Legion Magazine.

Military Milestones
Spain and Britain settle a trade war

Spain and Britain settle a trade war

Story by Sharon Adams

Spain and Great Britain once nearly went to war over what is now a part of Canada. The Spanish were the first Europeans to explore and claim the Pacific Northwest. In 1493, Pope Alexander VI granted Spain a claim to any lands they discovered west of the Azores not already held by a Christian prince.


John McCrae and the Battles of Flanders

John McCrae and the Battles of Flanders
– On newsstands Nov. 1

John McCrae—doctor, gunner and poet—was shaken by the battlefield death of a friend in May 1915, and wrote the poem “In Flanders Fields” in tribute. The poem took on a life of its own, and remains today a renowned symbol of remembrance. As a surgeon, McCrae also saved the lives of countless Canadian soldiers, wounded in the fierce battles on the muddy, cratered fields of Belgium’s Flanders region.


Front Lines
Raeder’s defence: German admiral fights for his doomed fleet

Raeder’s defence: German admiral
fights for his doomed fleet

Story by Stephen J. Thorne

Nazi Germany’s top naval commander mounted an epic defence of his sailors and their ships before an outraged Führer in January 1943, boldly predicting catastrophe if Hitler followed through on threats to scrap his high-seas fleet.

Documents seized by Allied forces at the end of the Second World War cast a light on the continuing struggle Hitler’s senior military officers had in waging war and reasoning with their wilful boss.


World War II Collection starting at $49.99
This week in history
This week in history

October 31, 1975

At CFB Cold Lake in Alberta, No. 419 Squadron is established as a training squadron.


HomeEquity Bank
Legion Magazine

Pick Up Your 2019 Poppy From California Curling Supplies

For folks that are involved in the curling community in the Bay Area, keep an eye out for Jay Diamond of California Curling Supplies at your next event.

Jay is distributing poppies on behalf of the Royal Canadian Legion, US Branch #25.

Jay announcing the availability of poppies
at a Halloween themed event on 29 October.

Announcing new Charter Member Luc Levesque | Swarm HQ Event | C100 is hiring!

A newsletter from one of our fellow Canadian organizations in the Bay Area.  Notice the poppies present at their interactive dinner event, as well as the plug for the Festival of Remembrance at Grace Cathedral.  Thanks C100!

Welcome C100’s Newest Charter Member:
Luc Levesque!

Luc Levesque | Product Group Lead at Facebook | Palo Alto, CA

Prior to FacebookLuc Levesque founded TravelPod, worked at Expedia, and was an executive at TripAdvisor. Now, Luc is leading a product area at Facebook, and serves as an advisor to companies like TwitterPinterest, and Quora. Luc’s early life and career revolved around tech, and now he is able to use his passion to not only connect people in online communities, but face to face as well.

We are delighted to have Luc join us as a proud C100 Charter Member. Welcome, Luc!
C100 at Swarm Technologies
This month, invited guests joined the C100 team for an interactive dinner at Swarm Technologies with Canadian Co-Founder and CEO Sara Spangelo. Sara showed us how to build your very own satellite while discussing the challenges faced by many social impact tech companies. Sara candidly shared her entrepreneurial journey alongside guest of honour Anar Simpson, Global Ambassador for Technovation, discussing how our connections, economic power, and influence can be a force for positive change.
Join C100’s Growing Team!
Marketing and Communications, Associate Manager
C100’s team is looking to bring on a marketing leader who is excited to help C100 grow its community and impact. If you are a skilled marketer with a passion for Canadian entrepreneurship, apply now.
Must have existing US work authorization.
C100 Community in the News
What’s next for Canadian startups?
Silicon Valley Bank is asking startup founders and execs in Canada for their views on the year ahead. Are you planning to hire, raise money or expand internationally? Do you expect business conditions in 2020 to be better than this year? Take the Startup Outlook Survey and share your thoughts on the health of the Canadian tech sector and what’s to come in 2020.

C100 Charter Member, Co-founder and General Partner of Luge Capital Karim Gillani has an interesting take on why the public landscape of IPO-destined tech companies is crumbling. Read full article here.

48Hrs in the Valley alum Kik app has officially been acquired by US-based holding company MediaLab. Read full article here.
Upcoming Community Events
Festival of Remembrance
Join the Royal Canadian Legion in celebrating Remembrance Day
Grace Cathedral in San Francisco on Nov 10, 3PM
Learn more here
Special The Logic Discount for C100
Save $75 on an annual subscription to The Logic – “Canada’s most-trusted source of in-depth reporting on the innovation economy.”
Use promo code “C100” at checkout.  Subscribe here.
Thank You to Our Partners
Foundational Partners
Corporate Partners
With special thanks to:
C100 aspires to be the pre-eminent global community of Canadians in tech, a mission-driven network committed to supporting, inspiring, and connecting the most promising Canadian entrepreneurial leaders. C100 and its members – individual and institutional – support Canadian-led technology businesses and their leaders through mentorship, investment, partnership, and talent.
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Pick Up Your 2019 Poppy At The Canadian Studies Program At UC Berkeley

The Canadian Studies Program at the University of California, Berkeley is pleased to participate in the Royal Canadian Legion Branch, US Zone, Branch #25 Annual Poppy Campaign. Poppies are available on the UC Berkeley campus from Canadian Studies, housed within the Institute of International Studies, in Moses Hall. The building is open to the public from 9 AM to 5 PM Monday to Friday.

Canadian Studies Program
213 Moses Hall #2308
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-2308 USA

Mission Matters Newsletter from Wreaths Across America – October 2019

A newsletter from the Wreaths Across America organization.

Click to view this email online.
A special Veterans Day message from Wreaths Across America’s Executive Director Karen Worcester

With gratitude,
Karen Worcester

Monthly Features

Advancing the Mission to Luxembourg and Netherlands

Earlier this month, Wreaths Across America announced that is has been granted permission by the Luxembourg and Netherlands authorities and the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) to place Maine-made balsam fir veterans’ wreaths on the headstones of all 5,073 U.S. service members laid to rest at Luxembourg American Cemetery, and an additional 8,291 veterans’ wreaths at Netherlands American Cemetery and Memorial.

The Luxembourg American Cemetery public ceremony and wreath placement will be held on Saturday, Nov. 30. The following day, Sunday, Dec. 1, a ceremony and wreath placement will be held at Netherlands American Cemetery and Memorial located in Margraten, Netherlands. These locations are two of 26 permanent American overseas military cemeteries overseen by the ABMC.

The live balsam veterans’ wreaths are being gifted to WAA as a donation from Founder, Morrill Worcester. It has long been a dream of his to one day place a wreath in honor of every U.S. veteran laid to rest, worldwide. The transportation of the nearly 14,000 wreaths from Maine to Europe is once again being coordinated and executed through the generous in-kind support of global supply chain management company CEVA Logistics and the transatlantic cargo capacity of United Airlines.

Read More
Sponsor Spotlight – New England Chevrolet

For the 5th year in a row Chevrolet — who has generously sponsored the WAA escort vehicles transporting participating Gold Star families and veterans down the east coast from Maine to Virginia — will again provide wrapped vehicles in addition to sponsoring 4,000 wreaths for placement at Arlington National Cemetery.

“Chevrolet and it’s dealers are proud to support the work of the Wreaths Across America team and deliver the message of their mission to Remember, Honor and Teach. This annual tradition has become a cornerstone event for Chevrolet and it’s dealers here in the Northeast Region,” said Dan Adamcheck, regional director, sales, service and marketing for Chevrolet. “To be able to give back to our communities, and the men and women who have given so much to our country is truly an honor for Chevrolet and its employees.”

Help Wreaths Across America in your community through a Corporate Sponsorship. Participation in the program is a great way to engage customers and employees. Contact the team today learn more!
Contact Us
There are other unique ways to give to Wreaths Across America – here are two new options:

Wreaths Across America is part of TD Bank’s Affinity Program. When a new customer opens a checking account with TD Bank and uses this code AJ019, WAA receives $50!

AND, if you’re an existing customer who gives this code, WAA receives $10 towards the mission!


Text To Donate

Wreaths Across America, in close partnership with the Mobile Giving Foundation and AT&T Veterans, is now accepting donations for $15 wreath sponsorships through text messaging. To give, you just need to text keyword WREATH to 20222 to donate $15 to the general fund which will send a sponsored wreath to where there is a need.

No portion of any amount donated is held by participating wireless providers. Donations are passed through at 100 percent back to Wreaths Across America.

Everyone Plays A Part
The 10 balsam bouquets comprising each veteran’s wreath are symbolic of so much to us at Wreaths Across America. Represented here by hands, they demonstrate the many ways individuals and communities come together to Remember, Honor and Teach.

Each month, we’ll share stories from across the country of the different ways to #PlayAPart2019.

100-Year-Old Army Vet Who Guarded Tomb Of The Unknown Soldier Gets Hero’s Welcome At Detroit Airport

Read More

Service dog giving veterans hope when struggling with PTSD

Read More

Read More

Vietnam veteran finally recognized for saving 30 soldiers

Read More

WWII veteran still serving veterans

Read More

Wreaths Across America Radio
Share your love and support for those deployed or stationed away from home during the holidays! Record a short shout out by calling 833-369-1351 and leaving a message. Wreaths Radio will play that message on air during the holidays. Be sure to listen too as we play messages from our troops to loved ones back home!
Connect With Us:
Contact Us:

Phone: 1 (877) 385 9504

Wreaths Across America HQ, 4 Point Street, Columbia Falls, ME 04623


An item from Dominion Command.

Good afternoon, this Remembrance Day, honour veterans by dedicating a Poppy in memory of their name at

Thank you,

Bonjour, en ce jour du Souvenir, rendons hommage à un vétéran en lui dédiant un coquelicot commémoratif personnel sur


Freeman D. Chute, MMM, CD
Senior Program Officer/Agent principal de programme

The Royal Canadian Legion – National Headquarters
Le siège de La Légion royale canadienne
86 Aird Place, Ottawa, K2L 0A1
T: 613-591-3335 ext 304
Toll free: 1-888-556-6222

WWI DISPATCH October 2019

A newsletter from the World War One Centennial Commission.

View this in your browser

Header Image 09172019

October 2019

Bells of Peace header 2019

The Doughboy Foundation Releases Free Updated “Bells of Peace” App for Commemorating Veterans Day 2019

The Doughboy Foundation, in cooperation with The Society of the Honor Guard, Tomb of the Unknown Soldier , has released an updated version of the “Bells of Peace” phone app for commemorating Veterans Day 2019. The updated Bells of Peace app, which is now available on both the Apple App Store and Google Play, assists American citizens and organizations across the nation to toll bells in their communities twenty-one times on Monday, November 11, 2019 at 11:00 a.m. local time. The nationwide bell tolling will honor those American men and women who served one hundred years ago during World War I, as well as saluting all Americans veterans who have served their nation at home and abroad in both war and peace. Click here to find about more about the 2019 Bells of Peace campaign, and learn how individuals and organizations may participate on Veterans Day.

National Civic Art Society hosts Sculptor Sabin Howard presenting design for the National World War I Memorial Nov. 15

Sabin Howard

The National Civic Art Society presents a talk by sculptor Sabin Howard on Friday November 15 at the Cosmos Club in Washington, D.C., 6:00 p.m. – 8:30 p.m. EST. Howard will present his magnificent classical design for the National World War I Memorial, which recently received final approval from the required government authorities. The Memorial is to be located in Pershing Park in Washington. Click here to read more about the event, and how to obtain tickets.

Veterans Day Weekend Events at the National WWI Museum and Memorial Friday-Monday, Nov. 8-11 to Honor Those Who Serve


As the commemoration of the centennial of World War I (2014-19) continues, the National WWI Museum and Memorial serves as a fitting place to honor those who have served — and continue to serve — our country. To recognize these men and women, admission to the Museum and Memorial is free for veterans and active duty military personnel, while general admission for the public is half-price, throughout the Veterans Day weekend (Friday to Monday, Nov. 8 to 11, 2019). To observe Veterans Day, the Museum and Memorial will offer a wide variety of events November 8 to 11 for people of all ages.  Click here to find out more about the Veterans Day weekend activities at the National WWI Museum and Memorial.

Peter Jackson’s WWI Documentary ‘They Shall Not Grow Old’ returns to theaters in December 2019 in both 3D and 2D

They Shall Not Grow Old

By popular demand, Fathom Events and Warner Brothers will bring director Peter Jackson’s remarkable World War I documentary “They Shall Not Grow Old” back to movie theaters nationwide for three days only this December, offering audiences another chance to see it on the big screen and in 3D. One of the most acclaimed and highest-grossing documentaries ever made, “They Shall Not Grow Old” is director Peter Jackson’s extraordinary look at the soldiers, the events, the sounds and the sights of World War I. The film will also be available in 2D in select locations. Click here to find out more about, and where you can get tickets for, this encore presentation of “They Shall Not Grow Old” in December.

Tribute Ceremony at Nov. 6 at Women’s Overseas Service League Flagstaff and Grove in Central Park Honors Women Serving America in WWI & Beyond

Hello Girls snip

East Side World War I Centennial Commemoration, American Red Cross, and the NYC Department of Veterans’ Services are holding a Tribute Ceremony to the Women Who Have Served America, Wednesday, November 6, 2019, 11:00-12 noon at the newly rediscovered Overseas Service League Flagstaff and Grove, Central Park at 69th Street Walk. In 1925 a Central Park memorial grove of 24 trees and flagstaff were conceptualized for a tribute to American women who died overseas in World War One. Today the living memorial of thriving trees spans the wall along Fifth Avenue from 69th to 71st Streets. Click here to find out more about the newly-rediscovered memorial, and how to attend the ceremony on November 6.

Ahead of Veterans Day, National Museum of African American History and Culture To Host Book Discussion on African Americans’ Central Role in WWI

We Return Fighting

To celebrate veterans and commemorate the centennial of WWI, the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture will host a book talk on the museum’s latest publication, We Return Fighting: World War I and the Shaping of Modern Black Identity, on Thursday, November 7, 7p.m., at the National Museum of African American History and Culture, 1400 Constitution Ave. N.W., Washington, DC. The book talk will feature Kinshasha Holman-Conwill, deputy director, NMAAHC, Greg Carr, chair of the Department of Afro-American Studies, Howard University; and Krewasky A. Salter, Col., USA, Ret., guest curator, and executive director of the First Division Museum. Click here to learn more about the book, the event, and find out how to attend the book discussion on November 7.

Annual Flanders Remembers Concert November 6 in New York City

Flanders logo

On the occasion of Veterans Day 2019, Mr. Yves Wantens, General Delegate of the Government of Flanders to the USA, kindly invites you to the Annual Flanders Remembers Concert on November 6, 7pm. Enjoy Shelter by Revue Blanche, and featuring readings from War and Turpentine by award-winning author Stefan Hertmans. Click here to read more about the event, and learn how to RSVP to attend.

The Ghost Fleet: How Skeletons Of WWI Ships Came To Rest In The Potomac

Mallows Bay Ghost Ships

If you look at a satellite image of the Potomac River, about 30 miles south of Washington you’ll see a curve in the river, packed with dozens of identical oblong shapes. At low tide, they emerge eerily from the water — a “ghost fleet” of wooden steamships dating back to World War I. It’s called Mallows Bay, and it’s one of the largest collections of shipwrecks in the world. The story of how these ships ended up in the Potomac is a tale of environmental destruction — and rebirth. The shipwrecks have recently received federal protection, as part of a new national marine sanctuary. Click here to read how WAMU’s Jacob Fenston and Tyrone Turner visited Mallows Bay, by canoe and kayak, to document the unusual waterscape the shipwrecks have created.

Special Exhibition “Etched in Memory” at National WWI Museum and Memorial

Etched in Memory

Etched in Memory, the latest special exhibition at the National WWI Museum and Memorial, features color etchings by British artist James Alphege Brewer published throughout the Great War as a reminder of the cultural losses it inflicted. Brewer’s series of etchings were influential; some were copied and distributed widely in the United States and could be found hung on parlor walls in solidarity with the Allied cause. Click here to read more about this special exhibition exploring these graphic renderings of the many cultural landmarks that were physically damaged or destroyed in World War I, but remained etched in the memories of artists like Brewer.

Friends and family pay their respects to World War I veteran in Philadelphia, PA

Thomas Fearn ceremony

A memorial service was held recently to honor Sgt. Thomas Fearn, a soldier who was killed in action in WWI. His body laid in an unmarked grave until his relatives were able to locate the grave this year and place a marker. By the time they gathered at the Old Cathedral Cemetery, Thomas Joseph Fearn Jr. had been dead for more than a century, but for his descendants, it’s never too late to pay your respects. Click here to read more about the effort to locate, identify, and honor the remains of the 26-year-old Philadelphian sergeant who perished in the Meuse Argonne Offensive in September 1918.

First Lieutenant Vivian Roberts: The GA National Guard’s only POW in WWI

Vivian Roberts

The United States observes National Prisoner of War / Missing in Action Recognition Day on the third Friday in September. This day allows a moment of pause to remember those who have been held as prisoners of war during our nation’s conflicts and those listed as missing in action. One hundred years ago, the only Georgia Guardsmen held as a POW during World War I began his long journey home to Macon, Ga. from a prison hospital in Germany. Click here to read more about the perilous journey and eventual homecoming of the Jackson, GA native who served in every enlisted rank in the Georgia National Guard before accepting a commission as a second lieutenant.

WWI quilt made in 1918 connects Eastern Shore of Virginia to England

Pungoteague Quilt

A quilt made during World War I for an American Red Cross chapter on Virginia’s Eastern Shore was found recently, tucked away in storage in a British museum. The quilt was made to be sent to a wartime hospital in Europe. The Pungoteague Quilt, designed and stitched by Mrs. S.K. Martin of Harborton in 1918, bears the names of nearly 700 people who made donations — many of whom still have descendants living on the Eastern Shore of Virginia. Click here to learn more about the quilt, the man who found it in Great Britain, and how he trying to find out more about the people whose names are on the historic textile from Virginia.

African American WWI veteran finally receives permanent headstone

Leonard W Inman

A black soldier who was buried in an unmarked Indiana grave is getting proper recognition for his military service in World War I nearly a half-century after his death. The memorial for Leonard Inman, who died in 1973, took place at Spring Vale Cemetery in Lafayette, IN in September with a 21-gun salute, the retiring of colors and taps by the American Legion Post 492, and a new, permanent headstone. Click here to learn how the president of the General de Lafayette Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution led the effort to obtain a headstone for Inman.

Other World War I Stories this Month

Find many more World War I stories on the “World War I Centennial News” page.

The Doughboy Podcast

Doughboy Podcast A

WW1 Centennial News: The Doughboy Podcast is about WW1 THEN: 100 years ago this month, and it’s about WW1 NOW: News and updates about the centennial and the commemoration.  Available on our website,  iTunesGoogle Play, PodbeanTuneInStitcher Radio on Demand.  Spotify  listen on Youtube.

John Morrow Sepia

Episode #142
Lifetime Achievement: Dr. John Morrow

Posts raising money for Nat. WWI Memorial – Derek Sansone & David Hamon  | @ 02:10

100 Years ago – Host | @ 08:55

Born in the Month of September – David Kramer | @ 16:30

Lifetime Achievement in Military Writing – Dr. John Morrow | @ 22:50

The Buzz: Selected Posts from the Internet – Host | @ 37:15

Memorial Sketch to reality podcast

Episode #143
The New WWI Memorial

Announcement: Bells of Peace 2019 | @ 01:10

NCPC Design approval | @ 03:35
Why we MUST build this – Terry Hamby | @ 06:20

If not YOU then WHO? – Edwin Fountain | @ 08:25
Why a Nat. Memorial in KC and DC? – Dr. Mathew Naylor | @ 11:50

The Memorial in the Park – Edwin Fountain | @ 14:30

The International Design Competition – Host | @ 16:40

“And the Winner is:” – Joe Weishaar & Sabin Howard | @ 18:00

Interpretation & Education – Dr. Libby O’Connell | @ 24:20

“A Soldier’s Journey” – Sabin Howard | @ 28:35

Where Tradition and the Future Meet – Sabin Howard | @ 33:45

Dizzying Parallel Tracks | @ 42:10

“And the Bronze Metal goes to…” – Steve Maule | @ 44:20

Final Design – APPROVED – various | @ 51:10

The First Mile and the Last Mile: Fundraising – Edwin Fountain | @ 53:30

Tens of thousands of German soldiers surrender in October of 1918

Episode #144
October 1918 & The Lost Battalion

October 1918 Overview Roundtable – Dr.Edward Legel & Katherine Akey | @02:15

Historians Corner: Lost Battalion – Ron Laplander | @18:25

Shifting sands and hard fighting – Mike Shuste | @25:10

Remembering Veterans: Story of John Foster – Mark Foster | @29:40

US Army CMH WWI Website – Dr. Erik Villard | @35:00

Spotlight On The Media 1: Dr. Edward Lengel | @40:15

Spotlight On The Media 2: Lost Battalion Documentary – Mark Fastoso & John King | @42:50

Wilson throws baseball

Episode #145
Overtures to Peace & Baseball

Overtures to peace – Host | @01:30

Atrocities in Syria – Mike Shuster | @08:20

America Emerges: Sgt. Alvin York – Dr. Edward Lengel | @13:00

Remembering Veterans: Charles Edward Dilkes – Dr. Virginia Dilkes | @20:45

Speaking WWI: Teddy Bear Suit – Host | @28:05

Historian’s Corner: Baseball in WWI – Jim Leeke | @31:20

100C/100M: Springdale PA – Mayor Jo Bertoline & Patrick Murray | @37:50

Kodak VPK Camera

Episode 146
WWl Through Many Lenses

Bells of Peace 2019 – Host | @02:05

The Cultural Impact of WWI – Dr. Jay Winter | @05:05

Japan’s Impact on WWI – Dr. Frederick Dickenson | @11:55

The Impact of WWI on the World – Sir Hugh Strachan | @19:50

Speaking WWI: Tank – Host | @27:15

WWI War Tech: Many lenses looking – Host | @28:55

They Shall Not Grow Old: A vision realized – Brent Burge | @33:10

Doughboy MIA for October 2019

Essel M Maxwell

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Monday’s MIA this month is PFC Essel M. Maxwell. Born in Washington D.C. on April 5th, 1891, Essel Monshuer Maxwell was a tall, thin 26 year old when he signed his draft card on May 25th, 1917 at Painesville, Ohio. He had attended the technical high school in Washington but one year before going to work as a marine fireman on the Great Lakes before the war. An injury while on that job had led to a trepanning being done on the back of his head, where a silver half dollar was inserted (which would later figure into his story). He was also a convicted felon, serving time in the Lake County Prison at Painesville, Ohio when he signed his draft card (in advance of the national draft day of June 5th), though the nature of his crime remains currently unknown. Despite his felony, Maxwell was inducted in the army on August 15th, 1917 – indeed he may have asked to be allowed to go into the army – and sent to Camp Meade in Maryland that November, ostensibly when his legal situation could be resolved with the federal government. At Meade he was assigned duty with Company F, 313th Infantry Regiment, of the 79th Division. He was promoted to Private First Class on January 1st, 1918 and on March 29th, 1918 was transferred to Company A, 111th Infantry Regiment, 28th Division; a regiment with roots extending back to the American Revolution. With them Maxwell departed for overseas service on May 5th, 1918 aboard the S.S. Olympic.

On July 1st, 1918 PFC Maxwell and Company A were heavily engaged with the enemy outside Chateau Thierry at Hill 204, near the Marne River. A skilled and dependable grenadier, Maxwell and his corporal managed to clear a strong enemy machine gun emplacement that afternoon, killing or wounding all of the enemy serving the weapon and destroying the piece. (For this action he would later be awarded the French Croix de Guerre.) Some time following this action, however, PFC Maxwell was killed; the official cause listed as being by a machine gun bullet, but almost immediately there were problems with the case. An initial search by Graves Registration personnel soon after the war apparently failed to turn up a set of remains, although there is a hand written notation in his burial files that he was buried in Temporary Cemetery #754. However, that is all that was apparently known; no specific grave is noted and there is no original burial slip on file. His mother was notified of his death on July 27th, 1918.

Inquiries among his comrades were begun and on January 29th, 1918 PVT William Williamson of Company A stated,

“Private Maxwell was killed by a hand grenade on Hill 204 near Chateau Thierry. He was buried, but I am not sure where… No one else in the company with the same name.  He was a replacement. I had only known him three months.”

The mystery only deepened when, the following month, a statement came in from PVT John B. Phillips of the same company who recalled that Maxwell had been shot through the head by a sniper and buried where he fell. Though Phillips recalled him as being hit around six o’clock in the evening, he could only estimate the date of death as “between the 1st and 7th of July.”

                Then, on July 14th, 1919, as the search for Maxwell dragged on, PVT Thomas Adams of Valeria, KY, stated from his bed in Base Hospital #79:

“(While) advancing on July 1st, body hit by MG. Was on knees when struck, raised forward on gun. Threw up hands. Saw him afterward. Death was instantaneous. Burial detail was sent out but cannot say whether body was buried… Always laughing and very happy. Often spoke of his grandfather and how he admired him in his uniform. Very good friend of informant.”

Cordelia Stewart

Despite repeated attempts at locating PFC Maxwell’s remains, ultimately the army was forced to admit to Maxwell’s mother Cordelia Stewart (left)  in Lanham, Maryland that they were unable to locate her son. By that time a letter from a member of the company had reached her in which the statement was made that his head had been blown to pieces. As she was further informed that the fighting had been very severe at the time, his mother was further under the impression that his body had been blown to bits. Therefore, she was very understanding and amenable to her son remaining in France, even if he ever were recovered.

Investigation into Maxwell’s case was officially closed on December 28th, 1922 with the recommendation that no possibility of ID existed as no unknown had been discovered with trepanning done to his head, which would have been proof positive in identification. By that time, all the records of the unknowns in Permanent Cemetery 1764 (Aisne-Marne) had been checked and a total of seven sets of remains had been disinterred and physically examined for possible ID, including one with a pocket knife with the initials E.M.M. However, none were deemed a dental match nor had trepanning to the back of the head.

In a January 18th, 1923 form letter to his mother, the government stated that she might take comfort in the possibility that he may have been the one selected as the Unknown. How much of a comfort this would have been remains a point of speculation. In any case, she participated in the 1931 Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimage and on July 7th of that year was able to gaze upon the name of her son on the Tablets of the Missing at Aisne-Marne American Cemetery at Belleau Wood. Her other son, Allan, had also served, but had returned home unscathed.

Essel M Maxwell marker

Doughboy MIA has also had the case under investigation for some time and has concluded that it is entirely likely that PFC Maxwell actually is the unknown that was carrying the pocket knife marked E.M.M.; that the investigation at the time was flawed due to catastrophic damage to the cranium of the remains examined and a hurried process of examination; and that Maxwell therefore lies in the Aisne-Marne Cemetery at Belleau Wood to this day. Therefore Doughboy MIA has closed this case.

Would YOU like to be a part of our mission of discovering what happened to our missing Doughboys from WW1? Of course you would, and you CAN! Simply make a donation to the cause and know you played a part in making as full an accounting as possible of these men. Large or small doesn’t matter – that you cared enough to help does. Visit to make your tax deductable donation to our non-profit project today, and remember:

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Official WWI Centennial Merchandise

Memorial flag on grass

8″ x 12″  WWI Centennial Memorial Flag

Perfect for use on Veterans Day, this WW1 Centennial Flag is made of durable nylon and measures 8 inches x 12 inches. This flag has the iconic Doughboy silhouette digitally screened onto it and is secured on a 15.75″ wooden dowel with a decorative ball on top . A portion of the proceeds from the sale of this item will go towards the construction of the new National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC. You can show your support, and help promote the efforts, by proudly displaying this flag.

A Certificate of Authenticity as Official Merchandise of the United States World War One Centennial is included.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the United States World War One Centennial.

George A. Carlson

George A. Carlson (above), the grandfather of author and photographer Jeff Lowdermilk, entered the French town of Stenay on the morning of the Armistice, November 11, 1918. A century later, Lowdermilk was in Stenay for events and services marking the centennial of the end of the war. Now in 2019 he looks back to events of a year ago when his lifetime fascination with World War I came to a crescendo during the weeks leading up to the anniversary, and meditates on how the story of America in the Great War is very often the story of families.

Genealogy book FREE DOWNLOAD

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Martin Apostolico

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of

Martin Apostolico

Submitted by: Steven Apostolico {Grandson}

Martin Apostolico was born December 3, 1900 in Philadelphia, PA. Martin Apostolico served in World War I with 82nd Company, 3rd Battalion, 6th Regiment of the United States Marines. The enlistment was June 8, 1917 and the service was completed May 21, 1919.

Story of Service

My grandfather, Martin Apostolico, enlisted at the tender age of 16. He lied about both his age and name so that he would be accepted. He enlisted as Martin Woods, so that his parents would not know. He originally had his training at Parris Island, South Carolina where he was sent to Cook School. He had a scar on his arm where he cut himself learning to sharpen knifes.

It did not take long however for his parents to learn of his enlistment. His name was corrected, and he was sent to Quantico, Virginia as Martin Apostolico, where he joined a rifle company (he qualified as a sharpshooter) of the Sixth Regiment.

He arrived “Over There” on May 9, 1918. He served at Belleau Wood, Chateau-Thierry, Aisne-Marne Offensive, St Mihiel Offensive, Champagne Offensive (Blanc Mont Ridge), and the Meuse Argonne Offensive.

Read Martin Apostolico’s entire Story of Service here.

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