Monthly Archives: July 2021

75 Years in the Making: San Francisco In 1946

An item from a fellow veterans organization in the Bay Area.

Marines' Memorial: 75 Years in the Making

San Francisco has been an integral part of our nation’s military history. After WWII, many American military personnel, who fell in love with the area while leaving for or returning from the Pacific, settled in San Francisco and prompted the total build out of the city. In 1945, the conference that formed the United Nations was held here, with the UN Charter being signed in the Herbst Theatre, a stone’s throw from the Club! Additionally, the Treaty of San Francisco, which formally ended war with Japan and established peaceful relations, was drafted and signed here six years later in 1951.

1946 stands out among those years for many reasons, not just because it was the San Francisco 49ers’ inaugural season, but it’s when Marines’ Memorial Club officially opened its doors! Take a peek at what the city looked like for our original members!

An aerial view of San Francisco with City Hall in the background

Aerial of SF

Looking down Sutter from Powell with MMA on the left

Sutter with MMA on the left

Sutter street from the west side of Stockton

Sutter street from the west side of Stockton

Overcrowded Commute during Christmas 1946

Overcrowded Commute

Grant and Post with Owl Drug Store

Grant and Post with Owl Drug Store

Looking east on Mission

Looking east on Mission between 4th and 5th

Post Street

Post Street

Many Cable Cars on Market

Market Street

Kearny Street traffic jam

Kearny Street Traffic Jam

Bay Bridge traffic jam

Bay Bridge Traffic Jam

No parking anywhere

No parking anywhere

What’s your favorite Marines’ Memorial memory?  Visit HERE to read other members’ memories and share your own! You can also email your memory and Club photos to  Thank you for being a part of our legacy. 

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Marines’ Memorial Association & Foundation

609 Sutter St.

San Francisco, CA 94102

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July 2021

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Winner of the 2021 Communicator Award for “Best Use of Augmented Reality” from the Academy of Interactive & Visual Arts, the WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” app will release an updated version on August 15, timed to be available for use in classrooms and home schools this fall.

Updated WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” App publishing August 15, just in time for the New School Year

The Doughboy Foundation is bringing the new National WWI Memorial from Washington, D.C. to schools, classrooms, dining rooms, dens, backyards, and driveways all over America with a new updated release of the award-winning Augmented Reality App called The WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” scheduled for release on August 15.

App How WWI Changed America

The “Virtual Explorer” app brings a walk-around-inside-it digital 3D model of the National WWI Memorial to students at home or in school classrooms using iOS or Android smartphones and tablets, available in many K-12 schools.

Students, teachers, or any interested party can access the National WWI Memorial themselves, wherever they are, rather than needing to go to Washington, D.C. to experience and explore it. More than that, the WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” App is filled with interactive and experiential WWI history. Click here to read all about the new and expanded WWI Memorial “Virtual Explorer” and learn how to download it to your phone or other mobile device on or after August 15.

Honoring the Doughboys: Daily Taps at the National World War I Memorial

Taps Bugler

Taps is sounded each day at 5:00 p.m. at the new National World War I Memorial in Washington DC. The National World War I Memorial is located on Pennsylvania Ave between 14th and 15th Streets. Taps is sounded by a bugler from Taps for Veterans to honor the memory of 4.7 million Americans who finished a fight they did not start, in a land they had never visited, for peace and liberty for people they did not know. The sounding honors those Doughboys who did their ‘bit’ for their country. The daily sounding of Taps began Monday May 24th and will continue through Veterans Day, at the foot of the flagpole at the Memorial. Click here to read more about the daily sounding, with cooperation of the U.S. WWI Centennial Commission, The Doughboy Foundation, The America Battlefield Monuments Commission, the National Park Service and Taps For Veterans. 

Champagne and Hot Dogs: How the Allies Celebrated the Fourth of July During World War I

July 4 in Paris

“It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations, from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward forever more,” John Adams wrote to his wife, Abigail, on July 3, 1776. For 245 years the Fourth of July has been synonymous with hot dogs, red, white, and blue outfits purchased from Old Navy, and fireworks. Lots and lots of fireworks. Precisely as our Founding Father predicted. But in 1917, as war continued to rage on the Western Front, the newly arrived American Doughboys expected little pomp and circumstance to mark their nation’s independence. However, leave it to the nation’s oldest ally, the French, to throw a party. Click here to read more about how America’s Independence Day was celebrated in Europe in 1917.

A Destiny of Undying Greatness:
Kiffin Rockwell and the Boys Who Remembered Lafayette

Mark M. Trapp

“Most Americans with a passing knowledge of history know of General Pershing’s July 4, 1917, march through Paris with the newly arrived American troops to the tomb of Lafayette where, on behalf of America, Pershing’s aide Colonel Charles Stanton uttered the famous words “Lafayette, we are here.” But too many are unaware of the actions and sacrifices of Kiffin Rockwell and other American boys dating back to the outset of the Great War more than two and a half years before Pershing’s arrival.”  Author Mark M. Trapp helps build more awareness of that pre-1917 service by Americans in WWI with his new book A Destiny of Undying Greatness: Kiffin Rockwell and the Boys Who Remembered LafayetteClick here to read more about the book, and learn how a chance encounter with an unusual first name began five years of research that changed the author’s life.

Ernest Peixotto: Enlisted World War I American Artist on the Western Front

Ernest Peixotto

In late July 1914, American artist Ernest Peixotto and his wife, Mary, returned from a sketching trip in Portugal to the small studio-home in the French village of Samois-sur-Seine that had been their base for 15 years. A week later, Germany and France declared war on each other. Overnight, the atmosphere of gaiety disappeared. The Allied victory at the Marne dashed hopes on both sides that the war would be brief, and the Peixottos decided to return to the United States. Four years later Ernest Peixotto would return to France as one of eight artists attached to the American Expeditionary Forces. Click here to read more about Peixotto’s experience as a uniformed artist, charged with the often conflicting tasks of documenting the war for the historical record while creating stirring images of American soldiers in battle that could be used for propaganda at home.

17 photos that show how your great-grandpa got ready for World War I

close shave

Basic training follows a predictable pattern. A bunch of kids show up, someone shaves their heads, and they learn to shoot rifles. But it turns out that training can be so, so much better than that. In World War I, it included mascots, tarantulas, and snowmen. Click here to view a collection of rarely-seen photos from the We Are The Mighty web site and learn about what it was like to prepare for war 100 years ago when the United States entered World War I.

Check Out Mammoth Cave’s Hidden World War I Memorial in Kentucky

Mammoth Cave WWI Memorial

In the years between the first and second world wars, most people thought World War I really was the “War to End All Wars,” and they reacted appropriately. Memorials were raised all over the country to men who died in the trenches “over there.” At the time, there weren’t really national memorials dedicated to those who died in America’s wars, and those that were built weren’t in Washington, D.C. After the unprecedented destruction and loss of life that came with World War I, municipalities across the United States began dedicating memorials to their local war dead. Click here to read more, and learn how the people of Barren County, Kentucky, through the local American Legion post, placed the tribute to their fallen loved ones inside of nearby Mammoth Cave. 

From WWI to former President Obama’s time in office, Elizabeth Francis has seen the world through many changes

Elizabeth Francis

Elizabeth Francis was born in 1909. William Taft had just become President of the United States. The NAACP was in its infancy, only a few months old. At 7, Francis watched women fight for the right to vote. She lived through World War I and the Spanish Flu. She survived the Great Depression and lived through World War II. The March on Washington happened days after her 54th birthday. She saw the images from Vietnam and kept up with the space race. She’s seen technology evolve and saw a monumental shift in civil rights for Americans. Click here to read more about Elizabeth, and see video of her drive-by 112th birthday celebration in Houston.

Turning Sons into Sammies: Just Call Fort Worth’s Camp Bowie “Camp Quick”

Camp Bowie

Imagine the Fort Worth of a century ago. Imagine what the Star-Telegram at the time described as “a wind-swept, untrampled tract of a prairie” on the western edge of town. Now imagine that in just three months that wind-swept, untrampled tract of prairie would become decidedly trampled, would become transformed, would become a city of thirty thousand people. But this instant city would be different. It would have a rifle range, an artillery range, battlefield trenches. And its population of thirty thousand would be mostly male. Click here to learn more about the Army’s Camp Bowie in the summer of 1917, and how, in terms of America’s response to the nation’s declaration of war against Germany in World War I, Camp Bowie was Camp Quick.

The American and Joint Origins of Operational Depth in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign during World War I

Thomas Bruscino

Writing for the Marine Corps University Press,  Thomas Bruscino notes that “A common view is that the U.S. military adopted wholesale the Soviet concept of operational depth in the 1970s and 1980s. However, a closer look at U.S. Army concepts, doctrine, and planning reveals that the concept, word, and definition of depth existed in the U.S. military prior to the 1970s. The beginnings of depth in the U.S. Army predate even the great interwar Soviet theorists. The American idea traces to the World War I era, during which it was made manifest in the Joint campaign and operations known as the Meuse-Argonne offensive.” Click here to read more about how this key military doctrine emerged from one of the bloodiest battles in American history during the closing months of World War I.

WWI Informs the Future of American Sea Power at the U.S. Naval War College

United States Battleship Division Nine

The U.S. Naval War College (USNWC) and the Naval War College Foundation (NWCF) have used the centenary of the first “great war” and the pandemic of 1918 to reconsider the historical influence upon contemporary discussions of future maritime strategy. Research in original documentary sources has enabled practitioners at the USNWC to develop fresh strategic perspectives about the future of American sea power. Just as Admirals Stephen B. Luce and Alfred Thayer Mahan used history with an applied purpose, the NWCF has encouraged contemporary historical research with the gracious support of the Pritzker Military Foundation, on behalf of the Pritzker Military Museum and Library. Click here to read more, and learn how the experts continue to discover fresh historical perspectives about the lasting influence of the First World War upon contemporary concepts of American sea power and the future of maritime strategy in the twenty-first century. 

The World War I Army-Navy Baseball Game Played for the King of England

Americans playing baseball in France in 1918

On July 4, 1918, the biggest sports competition in Europe wasn’t soccer, rugby, or cricket. Rather, two teams of “Yanks” — one from the Army and another of Navy personnel, drawn from soldiers and sailors sent to England for World War I — squared off in what British newspapers called the “extraordinary baseball match” pairing teenagers off hometown sandlots with major leaguers. The game brought a stoppage to wartime London and was watched from the stands by no less than King George V and Winston Churchill. Click here to read more, and learn how this game, the brainchild of Rear Adm. William Sims, grew out of the desire to improve morale among the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe.

Remembering a Manitou Springs, CO World War I Veteran

George Eber Duclo

A few years ago, Matt Cavanaugh was standing in Memorial Park in Manitou Springs when he noticed an enormous rock in the middle of the park. It was a platform for a bronze statue of a World War I-era soldier, a “Doughboy,” lunging forward towards Pikes Peak, as if to meet some unseen danger. But, Cavanaugh wondered, who was he? Click here to read more, and follow Cavanaugh’s deep dive into into historical records and old newspapers that revealed the statue’s honoree: Marine Corps Pvt. George Eber Duclo. 

Biographies of 140 PA WWI veterans in “Greene-Dreher in the Great War”

Greene-Dreher in the Great War

Bethel School in Honesdale, PA may have closed decades ago, but there has been no shortage of learning there. On Sunday, July 11 Bethel School held an open house and a lecture. The old wooden desks were occupied with those eager to learn something new once again as local historian Bernadine Lennon presented a lecture entitled “The Army within the Army.” The lecture focused on the volunteers and other unsung heroes that kept the American armies fighting. Click here to learn more, and read about the efforts to identify and honor the local men and women who served the nation during World War I.

World War I soldier Farley Lafore Lock and his namesake VFW post

Farley Lafore Lock

Springfield, IL’s Lafore Lock Post 755 of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, which celebrated its 100th anniversary this month, is named after World War I U.S. Army Pvt. Farley Lafore Lock. Lock died Oct. 18, 1918, of wounds he suffered from an artillery shell the day before in the Verdun sector of France. Born in 1896, Lafore was one of 10 children (eight of them boys) of Nelson and Gretta Lock.  Click here to read more about Lock, and learn how, when Springfield veterans of World War I formed Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 755 in April 1921, its members voted to name the post after him. 

Free speech wasn’t so free 103 years ago, when ‘seditious’ and ‘unpatriotic’ speech was criminalized in the US

Eugene Debs

Just over a century ago, the United States government – in the midst of World War I – undertook unprecedented efforts to control and restrict what it saw as “unpatriotic” speech through passage of the Sedition Act of 1918, signed by President Woodrow Wilson on May 16 of that year. The restrictions – and the courts’ reactions to them – mark an important landmark in testing the limits of the First Amendment, and the beginnings of the current understanding of free speech in the U.S. Scholar and lawyer Eric P. Robinson has studied the federal government’s attempts to restrict speech, including during World War I, and the legal cases that challenged them. Click here to read more, and learn how these cases from WWI helped form the modern idea of the First Amendment right of free speech, and how the conflict between patriotism and free expression continues to be an issue a century later.

Doughboy MIA for July 2021

Juet Caudle

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Our Doughboy MIA this month is Corporal Juet Caudle.

Not much has been discovered about our man this month, with further efforts hobbled by the continued closure of the National Personnel Records Center, which continues to try and catch up on their backlog of work due to Covid closure. What we do know is that Juet W. Caudle was born 14 October 1898 in Millville, Kentucky to George and Lida Caudle. He was the oldest of the five children the couple would have. They were a farming family, who owned their own land. Juet is occasionally listed as George J. Caudle and Jewet or Jewel Caudle.

It appears that Caudle may have enlisted before the war (1915) while underage. What is known is that he was among the first of our troops that arrived overseas in June, 1917 with the 18th Infantry, 1st Division. Fighting all the way through the engagements the 18th Regiment was involved in during their first year in France, Caudle went into the Soissons Offensive with them on July 18th, 1918. Corporal Caudle is sometimes listed as having been killed in action on the first day of the offensive, while the ABMC officially lists his date of death as July 21st, 1918. Unfortunately nothing more is known about his case at his time. He is memorialized on the Tablets to the Missing at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery at Belleau, France.

Want to help us find out more about Caudle and the other 4,423 missing American service personnel from the war? Please consider making a donation to our 501(c)3 not for profit organization. Just visit today and make your tax deductible donation today. That way you’ll have done your part to help us account for our missing boys too. Help us keep their memories alive.

Can you spare just ten dollars? Give ‘Ten For Them’ to Doughboy MIA and help us make a full accounting of the 4,423 American service personnel still listed as missing in action from WW1. Make your tax deductible donation now, with our thanks.

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Merchandise from the Official
Doughboy Foundation WWI Store

Books --Lest We Forget & Honoring the Doughboys

Lest We Forget: The Great War World War I Prints from the Pritzker Military Museum & Library. One of the nation’s premier military history institutions pays tribute to the Americans who served and the allies they fought beside to defeat a resourceful enemy with a lavishly illustrated book.  It is an official product of the United States World War One Centennial Commission and is a tribute to those who served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and what would become the Air Force. It serves as a lasting reminder that our world ignores the history of World War I (and the ensuing WWII) at its peril―lest we forget.

Honoring the Doughboys: Following My Grandfather’s World War I Diary is a stunning presentation of contemporary photographs taken by the author that are paired with diary entries written by his grandfather, George A. Carlson, who was a soldier in the U.S. Army during World War I. Jeff Lowdermilk followed his grandfather’s path through France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Germany and returned with these meticulously crafted photographs and his own engaging stories that bring the diary to life for contemporary readers. Lowdermilk’s passion for World War I and military history began as a young boy when he listened to his grandfather tell his stories about serving as an infantryman– a “Doughboy”–in Europe during the Great War.

Proceeds from the sale of these books will help build the new National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the Doughboy Foundation.

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Click or scan the QR Code below to download the WWI Memorial Apps.

QR Code for Virtual Explorer App download

Education Thumb Drive image

Free Self-Contained WWI History Web Site on YOUR computer

Sources, lessons, activities, videos, podcasts, images

We have packaged all the content we created for “How WWI Changed America” into a format that is essentially a web site on a drive. Download the content onto any drive (USB, external, or as a folder on your computer), and all the content is accessible in a web site type format even without an internet connection. Click here to learn more, and download this amazing educational resource for home or classroom use.

Genealogy book FREE DOWNLOAD

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Doughboy MIA

Pershing Sponsors

Pershing Sponsors

Julia Ann Stahl

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of

Julia Ann Stahl

Submitted by: Sandra L Sager {great great niece}

Julia Ann Stahl born around 1875. Julia Ann Stahl served in World War 1 with the Red Cross. The enlistment was in 1917 and the service was completed in 1919.

Story of Service

Julia Ann Stahl was born March 12, 1875 in Cass County, Michigan. She was the last of eleven children born to immigrant parents Phillip and Barbara Stahl. Julia’s father died one week after she was born, and she was raised by her mother on the family farm near Dowagiac, Michigan.

Little is known of Julia’s early years or why she chose a career in nursing. She may have been affected by the death of her sister Anna Louisa in 1885.

Julia moved to Ann Arbor, Michigan in her early 20s and enrolled in the University of Michigan School of nursing which was established in 1891. She completed the rigorous two year nursing program and graduated in 1898 at the age of 23. Julia stayed in Ann Arbor after her graduation and began her professional nursing career. In June of 1907 Julia was elected vice-president of the University of Michigan Nurses’ Alumnae Association, and in February 1914 she was elected as a member of the board of directors of the Washtenaw County Graduate Nurses’ Association.

When the United States declared war on Germany in April 1917, the Dean of the Detroit College of Medicine asked for and received approval from the Red Cross and the Army Medical Department to establish and equip a medical unit staffed by faculty, staff, graduates, and students of the Detroit College of Medicine (later known as Wayne State University). Nurses were recruited from area hospitals, and Julia Stahl was 42 years old when she volunteered.

Read Julia Ann Stahl’s entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family’s Story of Service here.

Honor the Stories of Service of ALL Who Served.

The Memorial is open but we still need your help to continue the mission.

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Mission Matters Newsletter: Award Recipients Announced!

An item from the Wreaths Across America organization.


As I’m writing today I am doing so coming off an emotion-filled few days. Wreaths Across America’s Stem to Stone Weekend is designed to help our volunteers fully understand the mission. Each year, as the event plays out, the team here at WAA learns as much as we teach. All of our volunteers have their own “WHY” but as we spend precious hours together, we are bonded by our love of Country, community and each other.

Many of our dedicated volunteers who participated in the event took the time to share stories of the effort taking place in their towns and cities to rally around and support the mission. Everybody truly plays a part (WAA theme in 2019). We heard many examples of people carrying out selfless acts to involve whole towns in honoring the sacrifice of our veterans. People being Americans Worth Fighting For (WAA theme in 2020).


And most importantly we heard how their yearlong process of having a WAA event brings kids and veterans together to teach courage and character and the importance of “Living up to their legacy” (WAA theme for 2021). The testimonies of these people and other giving-Americans have inspired our themes in the past, as they have our soon-to-be-announced theme for 2022.

Although WAA is most known for placing wreaths on veterans graves during the holidays, our year-round mission is an opportunity for communities to come together to reconnect and share the comfort that that brings. Common ground is found in our respect and love for those who fought for our freedom. Common ground strengthens communities.

I came away from the weekend’s events hopeful and excited as I worked with people from all over the country gathered to reboot our commitment to share the stories of heroes from generations before with our children.


Patriotism begins at home, then reaches to community and Country. Without the passion of our dedicated volunteers — two million strong — we could not carry out our mission. Our mission, which brings communities together with a common goal.


With gratitude,

Karen Worcester


Wreaths Across America’s Award Winners

Bennett Family of Companies

This weekend, at its annual Stem to Stone event in Maine, Wreaths Across America recognized three well deserving award recipients including:

To read more, click on an award recipient’s name above or find all of our recent winner announcements by clicking on the button below.

Wreaths Across America Radio

If you miss a little, you miss a lot! Tune in to Wreaths Across America Radio today!


You can listen on our website here or through iHeart Radio by clicking on the button below.

waa radio program

Featured Merchandise

2021 WAA Challenge Coin

Wreaths Across America’s 2021 Theme Challenge Coins Now Available!


Challenge Coins are a military tradition.


Live Up To Their Legacy.

Make sure to follow Wreaths Across America official channels on social media for the most up-to-the-minute news on the mission:


Wreaths Across America, PO Box 249, Columbia Falls, ME 04623, United States, 877-385-9504

War, hunger, locusts, fire and pestilence: World Press Photo returns

An item from the Legion Magazine.

Legion Magazine
Front Lines
War, hunger, locusts, fire and pestilence: World Press Photo return

War, hunger, locusts, fire and pestilence:
World Press Photo returns

Story by Stephen J. Thorne

War in the Caucasus. Hunger in Yemen. Locusts in Kenya. Fire in Brazil. Pestilence everywhere.

The World Press Photo (WPP) exhibition has returned to Canada, showing at the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa after a one-year, pandemic-imposed hiatus.


The Italian Campaign Special Issue Bundle
Military Milestones
Canada and the Battle of Sicily

Canada and the Battle of Sicily

Story by Sharon Adams

The Allied invasion of Sicily began on July 9, 1943. The Canadians had their first day of fighting the next day.

It started with a “terrific bombardment by our heavy guns,” wrote Captain Basil G. Parker of the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada. “Not much firing seen on shore…. Surprise achieved.”


Canvet Publication Ltd.