Monthly Archives: February 2021

Cold War Tech | Gouzenko Deciphered | Shooting Arrows

Some interesting military history this issue of Canada’s History.

Plus: The Cold Warriors, Mikhail Baryshnikov
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Diefenbunker, Canada's Cold War Museum.
Canada's History
Photo of a northern landscape with tech on the shore.

Cold War Tech and Its Discontents

The Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line was a radar defense network in Canada’s Arctic. It was a Cold War engineering marvel, but it had terrible effects on the land and Inuit communities. Listen now

Photo of Dr. Calder Walton.

Gouzenko Deciphered Part 2

An expert Cold War historian provides us with a peek behind the Iron Curtain. This is the second part in a podcast series featuring interviews with the daughter of a Russian spy and an author of several books related to Soviet history. Listen now

Graphic of Igor Gouzenko showing his book to an actress.

It’s War. It’s War. It’s Russia

Russian defector Igor Gouzenko’s chilling warning of a Soviet spy ring in Ottawa sent shock waves through Canada and the West. Read more

Two pilots stand next to a plane.

The Cold Warriors

In the 1970s, Canada’s fighter aircrews fought secret war games to prepare for the unthinkable: a Soviet nuclear assault on North America. Originally published in February 2009Read more

Photo of Mikhail Baryshnikov.

June 29, 1974: Mikhail Baryshnikov Defects

While touring Canada with the Kirov Ballet of Leningrad, Mikhail Baryshnikov defected, becoming a member of the National Ballet of Canada for a short time. Originally published in June 2006Read more

An artist's drawing of an Avro Arrow.

Shooting Arrows

How Avro’s film department captured — and rescued — a priceless aviation archive. Read more

Save your spot and spend Canada Day in Churchil - ride the rails and watch the whales!
February-March 2021 cover of Canada's History featuring Banting and Best.

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Canada’s History Archive featuring The Beaver

Please note: Some items featured in our newsletters and social media will include links to the Canada’s History Archive. The Beaver magazine was founded, and for decades was published, during eras shaped by colonialism. Concepts such as racial, cultural, or gender equality were rarely, if ever, considered by the magazine or its contributors. In earlier issues, readers will find comments and terms now considered to be derogatory. Canada’s History Society cautions readers to explore the archive using historical thinking concepts — not only analyzing the content but asking questions of who shaped the content and why.
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Copyright © 2021 Canada’s History, all rights reserved.
You are receiving this email as a member or friend of Canada’s History. / Vous recevez ce courriel parce que vous êtes membre ou parce que vous appartenez à la communauté d’esprit de la Société Histoire Canada.

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Winnipeg, MB R3B 2E9


New study discounts depleted uranium’s role in Gulf War illness

An item from the Legion Magazine.

Legion Magazine
Front Lines
Boarding parties in the Persian Gulf

New study discounts depleted uranium’s role in Gulf War illness

Story by Stephen J. Thorne

A new scientific study claims sarin gas is a possible cause of Gulf War illness, not debris from depleted uranium munitions.

The University of Portsmouth School of Earth and Environmental Sciences says it has proven that depleted uranium did not cause the acute and chronic symptoms plaguing more than 250,00 Allied service personnel.


3-in-1 Tumbler SIP Happens
Military Milestones
Operation Moshtarak

One of the original 62 officers of the Royal Canadian Air Force

Story by Sharon Adams

Wounded in the leg during his service with the Canadian Expeditionary Force in 1917, Sergeant Arthur Lawrence Morfee transferred to the Royal Flying Corps.

He trained as an observer, took an aerial photography course and advanced from cadet to second lieutenant before his Royal Air Force service ended in February 1919. That photography course was to ensure him a long and productive aviation career, starting with mapping Canada.


Safe Step Walk In Tubs
Canvet Publication Ltd.

Check out our NEW Tommies!

An item from the organization formerly known at There But Not There.

Is your town a Tommy town?

We need your help. At RBLI, we believe that more should be done to commemorate our nation’s fallen heroes and support our armed forces, not just during Remembrance. 

How wonderful would it be for villages, towns and businesses across the UK to show their support for our armed forces by displaying a Tommy, our universal symbol of commemoration, remembrance and support for our heroes?

Our veterans have been busy creating new and improved Tommies, specifically designed for outdoor use, but we need your help with getting them out there.

This is where we are calling on you.

If you would like a Tommy displayed in your local area, please head over to our Facebook page and share our plea to make more Tommy Towns to your friends and into your local resident Facebook Groups.

You can help make your local council aware. Remember, every Tommy bought by council or business directly provides jobs for veterans.


New and Improved Unknown Tommy

New and Improved Unknown Tommy Statue
New and Improved Unknown Tommy Statue
  • NEW: Our Unknown Tommy can now be personalised with your own message and graphic.
  • Can be bought as left facing, right facing, or as a pair.
  • 1.47m Height, 4kg Weight
  • Can be installed in the ground using included angle irons, or mounted on the side of a wall or building using wall plugs and fixing screws (not included.)
  • Very popular as a garden ornament, in schools, businesses, and also on public ground.
Why not buy one for yourself?

Our Unknown Tommies are just as popular with individuals as they are with councils and businesses. They look amazing in gardens, attached to buildings, or even displayed by entrance gates or driveways!

NEW: Unknown Tommy for Lamp Posts

NEW: Unknown Tommy for Lamp Posts
NEW: Unknown Tommy for Lamp Posts
  • Our Unknown Tommy is now available in a 7ft variant with includes clamps for fixing to lamp posts and poles.
  • Can be personalised with message and graphics.
  • Can be bought as left facing, right facing, or as a pair.
  • 7ft Height, 3.75kg Weight

NEW: Tommy Town Sign

Tommy Town Sign
Tommy Town Sign
  • New: Fully customisable Tommy Town Sign.
  • Message and graphics can be personalised
  • Comes in small and large variants, 1.2m high and 2m high.
  • Perfect for street use by councils or businesses. Constructed with the same material used in the manufacture of road signs.

Every Tommy is Designed, Made, Packaged and Distributed by Veterans

As well as commemorating and remembering the amazing work of our armed forces, the creation of Tommies also provides employment and a livelihood for many veterans. Our Tommies are designed, created and distributed by veterans.

See how many you can spot around!

Our range of Tommies is already popular with local councils and businesses- they can often be spotted when you’re out and about. Below, one of our Unknown Tommies welcomes visitors to the village of Wateringbury in Kent.
Thank you.
Copyright © 2020 Royal British Legion Industries. All rights reserved.

Our mailing address is:
Royal British Legion Industries Ltd, Hall Road, Aylesford, Kent, ME20 7NL

Battle of Beaumont Hamel

One of our members sent in this single page from the July 2007 branch newsletter.

Click on the image to access a PDF version of this article

Note that the Battle of Beaumont Hamel is remembered each July 1st in Newfoundland and Labrador with a Commemoration Day (also known as Memorial Day) service.  This past Canada Day, Branch 25 also hosted our own Commemoration Day Virtual Service.

Get to know our new Sproul Fellow; Prof. Bloemraad talks policy in radio appearance

An item from one of our fellow Canadian organizations in the Bay Area.

Canadian Studies Announcements
In this issue:
  • Get to know our new Sproul Fellow, Rebecca Wallace, and her research
  • Program director Irene Bloemraad talks immigration on Canadian podcast
  • New “Heritage Minute” celebrates jazz pianist Oscar Peterson
  • Upcoming event: Free documentary & film talk on The Blinding Sea
  • Affiliate event: “The Black Experience in Canada & the US”
New Sproul Fellow Rebecca Wallace Studies How Media Framing Affects Public Attitudes in Social Policy
Dr. Rebecca Wallace, a political scientist specializing in immigration and minority issues, officially joined the program this month as a John A. Sproul Research Fellow. As a visiting researcher, Dr. Wallace will assist program director Irene Bloemraad in analyzing data on attitudes toward immigrants in Canada and the United States. Following the conclusion of her term at Berkeley in June, Dr. Wallace will start a faculty appointment as an assistant professor of political science at St. Francis Xavier University in Nova Scotia.
We sat down with Dr. Wallace to ask her about her own research, the project she’s working on at Berkeley, and what initially drew her to the position. Highlights from the interview are below: read the full piece on our website.
Tell us a bit about yourself.
I’m from a rural part of Canada in southern Ontario. I attended Queen’s University for both my undergraduate and graduate degrees, where I discovered an interest in social policy. My dissertation centered on trying to understand how “deservingness” is conceptualized and framed in Canada around social assistance and welfare policy. It’s a common thread in American research that the media plays a predominant role in shaping people’s perceptions about social policy. But in Canada, we actually haven’t seen a lot of research in this area. Essentially, it’s the first work that really looks at the codification of deservingness in news media and its effects on public attitudes.
Why did you apply to be a Sproul Fellow at Berkeley?
I was immediately drawn to this position given Berkeley’s reputation. But I’m also very excited to work with Irene. A lot of Canadian scholars in our field are very familiar with Irene’s work, and I love that she’s a very interdisciplinary researcher at heart. Her work branches into political science, sociology, psychology, and it’s well-read across a number of fields. She’s somebody I can really see myself working well with and learning a lot from, especially with this current project around immigration.
What will you be working on at Berkeley?
Irene and I will be looking at how framing affects immigrant claims-making to certain social rights or protections. If advocacy organizations are trying to create certain initiatives around expanding or protecting these rights, they’ll often appeal to ideas like human rights or Canadian or American values. So we’re trying to see how effective appeals to different types of rights are, by comparing a few stories about immigrants that frame the narrative through one of these contexts, and measuring the response. Irene has previously looked at this in the American context, but we’d like to expand it and place it in a comparative context.
Why do you think it’s important to study Canada?
As a proud Canadian, I’m inherently a fan of Canadian studies! But in general, the Canadian case is often overlooked, and I think that’s a big mistake. Really, Canadian policy should be placed at the forefront in a lot of these discussions. Especially in areas like immigration, the environment, and Indigenous politics, there’s so much to learn from the Canadian experience, both for good and bad. And I think that there’s a lot of assumptions that what happens in the United States translates directly to the Canadian context, which isn’t necessarily the case. I think it’s critical that we continue to reinforce the Canadian-American relationship, which has been strained in recent years. We have to go back to an open dialogue, because both countries gain so much from each other.
Prof. Bloemraad Talks Immigration on Canadian Podcast
Last week, Canadian Studies Program director Irene Bloemraad appeared as a guest policy commentator on the Canadian politics podcast Moving the Needle. Hosted by Ontario Senator Ratna Omidvar and Paul Faucette, the podcast hosts discussions on key issues facing Canada and the world. Professor Bloemraad joined World Bank economist Manjula Luthria to address the importance of migrant labor and the pandemic’s effect on immigration. Listen to the full episode via SoundCloud.
Historica Canada Celebrates Jazz Legend Oscar Peterson in New “Heritage Minute”
Historica Canada is commemorating Black History Month with a new sixty-second film dedicated to Canadian jazz pianist Oscar Peterson. Born in Montreal in 1925, over the course of his sixty-year career Peterson released over 200 recordings, won seven Grammys, and performed with celebrated artists like Ella Fitzgerald, Count Basie, Dizzy Gillespie, and Louis Armstrong. He was made a companion of the Order of Canada in 1984 for his lifetime achievement in music. Watch the video on YouTube.
Upcoming Event
Free Documentary and Talk: The BIinding Sea
March 9 | 12:30 p.m. | RSVP here
Join filmmaker George Tombs for a discussion of his 2020 documentary The Blinding Sea. The film chronicles the life of Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen (1872-1928), the first person to lead a successful expedition through the Northwest Passage. It evokes the joys, sorrows, relationships, and missed opportunities in the life of Amundsen, who disappeared mysteriously during a polar flight in 1928. The film places a special focus on Amundsen’s relations with the Indigenous people he encountered on his voyages, particularly the Inuit.
The documentary will be available online to registered participants beginning March 2. We request that all participants watch the film prior to joining the March 9 director’s talk.
George Tombs is an award-winning author and filmmaker based in Montreal, who works in both English and French. He is currently writing a biography of Roald Amundsen. His past works include Robber Baron, a biography of controversial media tycoon Conrad Black, and his recent humorous novel Mind the Gap.
Affiliate/External Events
The Black Experience in Canada & the U.S.: A Discussion with Debra Thompson
February 24 | 12:00 p.m. | RSVP here
The Black Lives Matter movement has given rise to global conversations on how systems with built in racial inequality continue to affect the lives of people of African descent worldwide. While there is growing awareness of the ongoing legacy of racial inequality in the U.S., the Canadian experience is less well known.
Rana Sarkar, Canadian Consul General in San Francisco/Silicon Valley, will lead a discussion on the Black experience in Canada and the U.S. with Dr. Debra Thompson, associate professor and Canada Research Chair in Racial Inequality in Democratic Societies at McGill University and a leading scholar of the comparative politics of race. Dr. Thompson previously spoke at a Canadian Studies colloquium in September 2020.
Canadian Studies Program
213 Moses Hall #2308
Canadian Studies Program | Univ. of California, Berkeley, 213 Moses Hall #2308, Berkeley, CA 94720