WWI DISPATCH June 25, 2019

An item from the World War One Centennial Commission.


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June 25, 2019

Treaty of Versailles Centennial event in France will benefit construction of new U.S. National World War I Memorial

Versailles treaty signing

On June 28th, in honor of the Centennial Anniversary of the Treaty of Versailles, a day of remembrance, commemoration, and education, will take place in Versailles, France. The first of The Paris Peace Treaties, this treaty officially ended the state of war between the European Allied Nations and Germany. Presenting Sponsor, the Pritzker Military Museum & Library, along with National WWI Museum and Memorial, and the Doughboy Foundation, will support the activities hosted by the legendary Palace of Versailles. Click here to read more about the Treaty of Versailles Centennial commemorations, and how proceeds from one event will benefit the construction of the new National World War I Memorial in Washington, DC.


“I truly cared about those who served and wanted to make that known.”

Aiden Coleman

Eagle Scout Service Projects are supposed to be challenging, but Aiden Coleman was more ambitious than most. His project: erect a World War I memorial in his Indiana hometown to honor those locals who served in the Great War. Aiden notes that “My troop leaders weren’t so enthusiastic, I think they thought it might be ‘too ambitious.’ And in some ways they were correct.”  But Aiden overcame the challenges of researching the local WWI veterans, and raising the needed funds, and the new Memorial was dedicated on Armistice Day 2018.  Click here to read the whole story of an Eagle Scout’s project that aimed high because “I wanted to do something more meaningful. I knew that I wanted to do something based around World War I.”


National WWI Museum & Memorial offers exclusive video and images to mark Centennial of 1919 Inter-Allied Games

Inter-Allied Games

The scheduled Olympics in 1916 were canceled due to World War I. While the Olympics resumed in 1920, a seminal event featuring renowned athletes from across the world took place in 1919 in the aftermath of the first truly global conflict in human history. Held from June 22 – July 6, 1919 outside of Paris near the site of the 1900 Olympics, the Inter-Allied Games featured hundreds of male athletes from nations across the world aligned with the Allies during World War I competing in 13 sports. During the course of the completion, more than 500,000 spectators witnessed some of the globe’s best athletes – past, present and future. Click here to read more about how the Inter-Allied Games came about, and how the games “served as a vehicle for healing the wounds from the most catastrophic war to that time in human history.”


UK service marks 100 years since Scapa Flow navy scuttling after World War I

SCapa Flow service

A poignant service was held in Scotland to commemorate the centenary of the scuttling of the German High Seas Fleet in Scapa Flow in 1919. More than 50 German ships were sunk in the waters off Orkney to prevent them becoming spoils of war on 21 June 1919. A service was held above the sunken wreck of the warship Dresden. During the service a bell recovered from the wreck of the Von der Tann was rung by the grandson of German commander Admiral Ludwig von Reuter. Click here to read more about the scuttling 100 years ago, and the joint UK/German commemoration events.


Court Rules Bladensburg WWI Peace Cross Can Stand On Public Land

Bladensburg Peace Cross

The United States Supreme Court ruled last Thursday that a gigantic Latin cross on government land in Bladensburg, Maryland, does not have to be moved or altered in the name of church-state separation. The justices reasoned that the 40-foot cross was erected nearly a century ago as a World War I memorial, not an endorsement of Christianity.  Conceived in 1919 by bereaved mothers of the fallen and completed by the American Legion six years later, the war memorial has become part of the Bladensburg town landscape. Click here to read more about the Supreme Court’s ruling, and the possible effects on other WWI memorials with religious symbolism.


Vandals spray-paint WWI Memorial in KC

KC memorial wall vandalism

Police are looking for two people who vandalized the Dedication Wall of the National WWI Museum and Memorial in Kansas City early Tuesday, June 18. The vandals struck about 1 a.m. at the Liberty Memorial, when two people were seen spray-painting  the words “Glory to the fallen martyrs . . .” before running away. The graffiti appears to reference the June 1986 prison revolts in Peru where 250 inmates died. The Dedication Wall holds the bronze busts of the five Allied leaders — Gen. Baron Jacques of Belgium, Gen. Armando Diaz of Italy, Marshal Ferdinand Foch of France, Gen. John J. Pershing of the United States, and Sir Admiral Earl David Beatty of Great Britain — present during the site dedication on Nov. 1, 1921. Click here to read more about the vandalism, and efforts to apprehend the perpetrators.


The story of Eva Crowell

Eva Crowell

When Mary Fritts noticed three log-shaped monuments in Lyons, Nebraska with “World War I” and the same last name–Crowell–on each of them, she took a closer look. “One inscription read Eva Crowell, WWI nurse. Being the only woman from Lyons to serve in WWI, I wanted to learn her story,” Fitts recounted. Click here to read more about Fritts’ research, and how Eva Crowell came to be added to the new Lyons Veterans Plaza memorial.


From the World War I Centennial News Podcast

Making Peace: Harder Than Making War? A Roundtable Discussion

Versailles headlines

In June 21st’s edition of the World War I Centennial News Podcast, Episode 128, host Theo Mayer put together a special edition of World War I Centennial News: an expert panel of historians and subject matter experts for a lively discussion of the complicated and consequential peace process that followed the war. The participants come from three countries and have different academic, literary, and professional credentials. Click here for a fascinating look at an extraordinary time in world history, as told by the people who study it.

Education:
Toolkits for WWI Educators with
Dr. Jennifer Zoebelein

Dr. Jennifer Zoebelein

In June 7th’s edition of the World War I Centennial News Podcast, Episode 126, host Theo Mayer interviewed historian Dr. Jennifer Zoebelein from the National World War I Museum and Memorial. Zoebelein, who’s a special projects historian at the Museum, recently took on directing a Commission project to create a series of World War I focused Educators’ Toolkits, generally sponsored by the Andrew Mellon Foundation. Click here to learn more about Zoebelei, and her new project to create a series of toolkitson topics that address various social issues related to World War I.


WWI Centennial NEWS Podcast

Podcast Logo New

The WW1 Centennial News Podcast is about WW1 THEN: 100 years ago this week, and it’s about WW1 NOW: News and updates about the centennial and the commemoration.  Available on our web siteiTunesGoogle Play, PodbeanTuneInStitcher Radio on Demand.  Spotify  listen on Youtube. New – Comment and ask questions via twitter @TheWW1podcast

Signing the Versailles Peace Treaty

Episode #128
Special Edition

Making Peace!
Harder Than Making War?

Host – Theo Mayer

This special edition is dedicated to exploring the Paris Peace Negotiations and the resulting Treaty of Versailles. For our exploration, we are joined by an extraordinary panel of guests including:

  • Military Historian, Sir Hew Strachan
  • Professor of International History, Margaret MacMillan
  • Woodrow Wilson Biographer, Professor Patricia O’Toole
  • American History Author, Garrett Peck
  • Citizen Historian and Artist, Katherine Akey
  • Former NPR Correspondent and WWI blogger, Mike
    Shuster

Literature in WWI This Week

Wwrite Blog Logo

Final Post!

WWI Literature and Authority – Readers With a Vision of Peace

By Phil Klay

“Froth-corrupted lungs,” “a ballet,” “lies,” “the most wonderful war in the world.” These terms present the diverse ways writers have described WWI in literature. But which is the most accurate when it comes to relating the real experience of war? Who has the authority to tell the real story?

These are the questions National Book Award Winner, Phil Klay, contemplates as he surveys various literary works on WWI, written by soldiers, officers, nurses, writers, and intellectuals. In WWrite’s closing post, Klay also provides insight into the ways reading and writing WWI have shaped contemporary thought on war’s impact on culture.

Read “WWI Literature and Authority – Readers With a Vision of Peace” this week!

Behind Their Lines

behind their lines

The night of May 16, 1916, Lieut. Ewart A. Mackintosh’s actions earned him the Military Cross for conspicuous gallantry, as he attempted to rescue two of his seriously wounded men, injured in a raid on German trenches.

Read here one of the most poignant poems of the Great War, Mackintosh’s “In Memoriam” written for Private David Sutherland and others who died that night.


Doughboy MIA for week of June 24

James O. Crooks

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Monday’s MIA this week is is Private First Class James Crooks. Enlisting at Fort McPherson, Georgia, on 23 May, 1917, James O. Crooks was originally born in Seneca, South Carolina in 1894, the son of James E. and Alice Crooks. James junior was one of 11(!) children of this farming family. Assigned to Company K, 47thInfantry for training, he was transferred to Company K, 9th Infantry in August, 1917, when he was also promoted to Private First Class. The 9th was part of the 2nd Division and it was with them he went to France in September, 1917. By 18 July, 1918 PFC Crooks had seen considerable combat when he was killed in action at Soissons. He is memorialized on the Tablets to the Missing at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery at Belleau Wood. Nothing else is known about his case at this time.

Want to help shed some light on PFC Crooks’ case? Consider making a donation to Doughboy MIA and help us make a full accounting of the 4,423 American service personnel still listed as missing in action from WW1. Make your tax deductible donation now, with our thanks.


Official WWI Centennial Merchandise

Lest We Forget jacket

“Lest We Forget: The Great War”

World War I Prints from the Pritzker Military Museum & Library 

As the United States commemorates the centennial of World War I, one of the nation’s premier military history institutions pays tribute to the Americans who served and the allies they fought beside to defeat a resourceful enemy with a lavishly illustrated book.  It is an official product of the United States World War One Centennial Commission. The story of WWI is told through the memorable art it spawned―including posters from nations involved in the conflict―and a taut narrative account of the war’s signal events, its major personalities and its tragic consequences; and the timely period photographs that illustrate the awful realities of this revolutionary conflict. Most importantly, this book is a tribute to those who served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and what would become the Air Force. Proceeds from the sale of this book help fund the WW1 Memorial in Washington, DC.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the United States World War One Centennial.


Ernest McFarland

One of the nation’s most transformational pieces of legislation, the GI Bill of Rights, turned 75 last weekend. The  impetus for the GI Bill grew out of the World War I U.S. Navy experience of Ernest McFarland of Arizona. McFarland served as governor of Arizona, and chief justice of the Arizona Supreme Court, but his most impactful public service was as a United States Senator, when he introduced the GI Bill of 1944. Click here to read more about how WWI planted the seeds for the bill that President Roosevelt said gave “emphatic notice to the men and women in our armed forces that the American people do not intend to let them down.” 


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Marshall Dunnaville, Sr.

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of ww1cc.org

Marshall Dunnaville, Sr.

Submitted by: Wilhelmina Leigh {granddaughter}

Marshall Dunnaville, Sr. was born around 1888. Marshall Dunnaville served in World War 1 with the United States Army. The enlistment was in 1918 and the service was completed in 1919.

Story of Service

I never met my grandfather, Marshall Edward Dunnaville; he died before I was born. I have a few photographs of him, but none of him in his military uniform. The paper trail left from his World War I service indicates that he enlisted in the U.S. Army on August 1, 1918, in Roanoke, VA. He was a Private in Company D of the 807th Pioneer Infantry, a unit comprised of African-American servicemen, and he participated in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in France.

While on his way to France and back, Marshall sent souvenir postcard folders to my grandmother-to-be, “the girl he left behind” but married upon his return. These folders featured scenes of Camp Upton, in Yaphank, Long Island, NY, and of Camp Lee, VA. The folder with photos of Camp Upton (postmarked August 25, 1918) was sent using a one-cent stamp, and the folder with photos of Camp Lee (postmarked July 8, 1919) was sent using a two-cent stamp! I would guess that he crossed the Atlantic Ocean on the U.S.S. Orizaba, because an unsent souvenir postcard folder with photos of this ship was also among his World War I memorabilia.

Read Marshall Dunnaville, Sr.’s entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family’s Story of Service here.


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